2021 Effective Area calibration of the Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope ARray (NuSTAR)





Citation of Original Publication

Madsen, Kristin et al.; 2021 Effective Area calibration of the Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope ARray (NuSTAR); Journal of Astronomical Telescopes, Instruments, and Systems, 21 October, 2021;


This item is likely protected under Title 17 of the U.S. Copyright Law. Unless on a Creative Commons license, for uses protected by Copyright Law, contact the copyright holder or the author.



We present here the updated calibration of The Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope ARray NuSTAR, which was performed using data on the Crab accumulated over the last 9 years in orbit. The basis for this new calibration contains over 250ks of focused Crab (imaged through the optics) and over 500ks of stray-light Crab (not imaged through optics). We measured an epoch averaged Crab spectrum of the stray-light Crab data and define a canonical Crab spectrum of Gamma = 2.103 +- 0.001 and N = 9.69 +- 0.02 keV-1 cm-2 s-1 at 1 keV, which we use as our calibration standard. The new calibration, released in the CALDB update 20211020, provides significant updates to: 1) the detector absorption component, 2) the detector response function, and 3) the effective area vignetting function. The calibration improves agreement between FPMA and FPMB across detectors with a standard deviation of 1.7% for repeat observations between off-axis angles of 1-4 arcmin, and the measured flux has increased by 5-15%, with 5% below 1 arcmin off-axis angle, 10% between 1-2 arcmin, and 15 above 4arcmin.