Visual phototransduction components in cephalopod chromatophores suggest dermal photoreception

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Citation of Original Publication

Alexandra C. N. Kingston,, Visual phototransduction components in cephalopod chromatophores suggest dermal photoreception, The Journal of Experimental Biology (2015) 218, 1596-1602 doi:10.1242/jeb.117945


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Cephalopodmollusks are renowned for their colorful and dynamic body patterns, produced by an assemblage of skin components that interact with light.Thesemay include iridophores, leucophores, chromatophores and (in some species) photophores. Here, we present molecular evidence suggesting that cephalopod chromatophores – small dermal pigmentary organs that reflect various colors of light – are photosensitive. RT-PCR revealed the presence of transcripts encoding rhodopsin and retinochrome within the retinas and skin of the squid Doryteuthis pealeii, and the cuttlefish Sepia officinalis and Sepia latimanus. In D. pealeii, Gqα and squid TRP channel transcripts were present in theretina andinalldermal samples.Rhodopsin, retinochrome and Gqα transcripts were also found in RNA extracts from dissociated chromatophores isolated from D. pealeii dermal tissues. Immunohistochemical staining labeled rhodopsin, retinochrome and Gqα proteins in several chromatophore components, including pigment cell membranes, radial muscle fibers, and sheath cells. This is the first evidence that cephalopod dermal tissues, and specifically chromatophores, may possess the requisite combination ofmolecules required to respond to light.