Properties of High-redshift Gamma-Ray Bursts





Citation of Original Publication

Fryer, Chris L. Et al. Properties of High-redshift Gamma-Ray Bursts. The Astrophysical Journal 929 (Apr. 19, 2022), no. 2.


This work was written as part of one of the author's official duties as an Employee of the United States Government and is therefore a work of the United States Government. In accordance with 17 U.S.C. 105, no copyright protection is available for such works under U.S. Law.
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The immense power of gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) makes them ideal probes of the early universe. By using absorption lines in the afterglows of high-redshift GRBs, astronomers can study the evolution of metals in the early universe. With an understanding of the nature of GRB progenitors, the rate and properties of GRBs observed at high redshift can probe the star formation history and the initial mass function of stars at high redshift. This paper presents a detailed study of the dependence on metallicity and mass of the properties of long-duration GRBs under the black hole accretion disk paradigm to predict the evolution of these properties with redshift. These models are calibrated on the current GRB observations and then used to make predictions for new observations and new missions (e.g., the proposed Gamow mission) studying high-redshift GRBs.