Multi-Qubit Correction for Quantum Annealers

Author/Creator ORCID





Citation of Original Publication

Ayanzadeh, R., Dorband, J., Halem, M. et al. Multi-qubit correction for quantum annealers. Sci Rep 11, 16119 (2021).


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We present \emph{multi-qubit correction} (MQC) as a novel postprocessing method for quantum annealers that views the evolution in an open-system as a Gibbs sampler and reduces a set of excited states to a new synthetic state with lower energy value. After sampling from the ground state of a given (Ising) Hamiltonian, MQC compares pairs of excited states to recognize virtual tunnels--i.e., a group of qubits that changing their states simultaneously can result in a new state with lower energy value--and successively converges to the ground state. Experimental results using D-Wave 2000Q quantum annealers demonstrate that MQC finds samples with notably lower energy values and improves the reproducibility of results when compared to recent hardware/software advances in the realm of quantum annealing, such as spin-reversal transforms, classical postprocessing techniques, and increased inter-sample delay between successive measurements.