Reprocessing of Suomi NPP CrIS Sensor Data Records to Improve the Radiometric and Spectral Long-Term Accuracy and Stability

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Citation of Original Publication

Y. Chen et al., "Reprocessing of Suomi NPP CrIS Sensor Data Records to Improve the Radiometric and Spectral Long-Term Accuracy and Stability," in IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, doi: 10.1109/TGRS.2021.3060639.


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Since early 2012, the cross-track infrared sounder (CrIS) on board the Suomi National Polar-orbiting Partnership (S-NPP) satellite has continually provided the hyperspectral infrared observations for profiling atmospheric temperature, moisture, and greenhouse gases. In this study, the CrIS sensor data record (SDR) data are improved for climate applications with its fine-tuning of calibration coefficients in an NOAA reprocessing project. A specific software system was developed to reprocess the CrIS SDR. This software system was updated with a new calibration algorithm, nonlinearity, and geolocation to improve the SDR data quality and long-term consistency. The calibration coefficients are refined with the latest updates, which were used to calibrate the latest operational SDR products and replace those in the engineering packet (EP) in the raw data record (RDR) data stream. The resampling wavelength was updated based on the metrology laser wavelength and resulted in zero sampling error in the spectral calibration. All the historical SDRs (from February 2012 to March 2017) were generated with the same calibration coefficients and same version of the processing software system, resulting in improved accuracy and stability in terms of spectral and radiometric calibration during the CrIS lifetime mission. The quality of the reprocessed CrIS SDR data at nominal spectral resolution (NSR) is assessed in terms of its radiometric and spectral calibration. Comparisons against the operational SDR data are carried out to demonstrate the improved long-term stability of the reprocessed CrIS SDR data. Overall radiometric biases are found to be small and highly stable over the instrument mission, the FOV-to-FOV differences are less than ~10 mK, and much better than that from the operational SDR data. It is shown that the CrIS metrology laser wavelength varies within 4 ppm as measured by the neon calibration system. The reprocessed SDR data have spectral errors less than 0.5 ppm, which is much better than the operational SDR data with about 4 ppm. This baseline version of the reprocessed SNPP CrIS SDR data is suitable for long-term climate monitoring and model assessments and can provide an infrared reference observation to assess other narrow- or broadband infrared instruments' calibration accuracy.