Parents Of Adult Victims And Perpetrators Of Domestic Violence: The Degree To Which Selected Predisposing Variables And Support Mechanisms Influence Clinical Depression
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Type of WorkText
ProgramDoctor of Philosophy
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The purpose of this study was to examine clinical depression in parents of adult victims and perpetrators of domestic violence. This was done by measuring predisposing variables - adult child's domestic violence status, gender, and socioeconomic status, which includes income, income over time, and education, and support mechanisms - coping, self-esteem, support given, and perceived social support - as predictors among a sample of parents of adult children who were either victims or perpetrators of domestic violence from the theoretical Family Stress Model framework. A combined survey using a basic demographic questionnaire, a set of questions from the National Survey of Families and Households, the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support, Rosenberg's Scale of Self-Esteem, Brief Cope, and the Beck Depression Inventory were used. The study sample consisted of 74 parents of adult victims or perpetrators of domestic violence. Bivariate chi square analysis indicated that income, perceived social support, self-esteem, and coping were significantly associated with clinical depression. After controlling for the respective variables, multiple logistic regression indicated that predisposing variables- income and income over time and support mechanism- perceived social support were significant predictors of clinical depression This study contributes to the knowledge base regarding domestic violence, clinical depression, and parental involvement in an adult child's life and opens the door for future research pertaining to parents of adult victims and perpetrators of domestic violence. The implications of this study contribute to social work research, theory, policy, and clinical social work practice.