Implementation of a Community- Based Outreach Hypertension Program in an Urban Beauty Salon
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Type of WorkText
ProgramDoctor of Nursing Practice
RightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 United States
Problem Statement: African American women have a lack of access to health care in underserved urban areas and are experiencing cardiovascular disease at a higher rate that negatively impacts their health, and increases medical costs. Purpose: To determine if the implementation of a Community- Based Outreach Hypertension Program in beauty salons will increase African American women’s knowledge concerning hypertension, encourage self-management, and follow-up care for chronic disease management. Methods: Twelve African American women with hypertension were recruited through mass screenings from an urban beauty salon. The Hypertension Evaluation of Lifestyle and Management Scale (HELM) and The Hypertension Self- Care Profile (HBP-SCP) were completed by eligible participants’ pre and post educational sessions at the salon. Referrals were provided as needed to nearby primary health care providers for follow-up treatment. Analysis: A Wilcoxon Signed Rank test was conducted to evaluate the impact of the program on the participants’ scores on the HELM and HBP SCP questionnaires pre-intervention to post intervention. There was not a statistically significant difference in the scores but results are limited to small sample size, dropout rate, and eight-week timeframe. Significance: Effective primary prevention interventions in beauty salons by advanced-practice nurses has the potential to promote healthy lifestyles among urban African American women; reduce health disparities and cardiovascular disease risk factors, and lower health care cost.
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