Collective Efﬁcacy as a Key Context in Neighborhood Support for Urban Youth
Links to Fileshttps://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1002/ajcp.12311
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Type of Work11 pages
Citation of Original PublicationDana M. Prince, Bernadette Hohl, Bronwyn A. Hunter, Collective Efﬁcacy as a Key Context in Neighborhood Support for Urban Youth, Am J Community Psychol (2019) 63:179–189, DOI: 10.1002/ajcp.12311
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informal adult support
physical and social disorder
Neighborhood context, including the physical and social environment, has been implicated as important contributors to positive youth development. A transactional approach to neighborhood asserts that place and people are mutually constitutive; negative perceptions of place are intrinsically bound with negative portrayals of stigmatized groups, including youth. Adult perceptions of neigh- borhood youth may contribute to an increased sense of alienation and youth antisocial behavior. This study uses street-i ntercept interviews with adults (N = 408) to examine the relationship between neighborhood conditions and adult support for neighborhood youth. A path model was used to examine the direct and indirect relationship of neighbor- hood constructs (safety, aesthetic quality, a nd walkability) on adult support for neighborhood youth. Neighborhood aesthetic quality and the walking environment were directly associated with adult support for youth, whereas perceived safety was indirectly associated. Collective efﬁcacy partially explained these relationships. Findings support theorized relationships between people and places; improvements to neighborhood physical environment may directly impact resident adults’ perceptions of neighborhood young people.