Selection of Optimal Hyperspectral Wavebands for Detection of Discolored, Diseased Rice Seeds
Links to Fileshttps://www.mdpi.com/2076-3417/9/5/1027
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Type of Work15 pages
Citation of Original PublicationInsuck Baek, Moon S. Kim, et.al, Selection of Optimal Hyperspectral Wavebands for Detection of Discolored, Diseased Rice Seeds , Appl. Sci. 2019, 9(5), 1027; https://doi.org/10.3390/app9051027
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Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)
support vector machine (SVM)
linear and quadratic discriminant analysis (LDA and QDA)
The inspection of rice grain that may be infected by seedborne disease is important for ensuring uniform plant stands in production fields as well as preventing proliferation of some seedborne diseases. The goal of this study was to use a hyperspectral imaging (HSI) technique to find optimal wavelengths and develop a model for detecting discolored, diseased rice seed infected by bacterial panicle blight (Burkholderia glumae), a seedborne pathogen. For this purpose, the HSI data spanning the visible/near-infrared wavelength region between 400 and 1000 nm were collected for 500 sound and discolored rice seeds. For selecting optimal wavelengths to use for detecting diseased seed, a sequential forward selection (SFS) method combined with various spectral pretreatments was employed. To evaluate performance based on optimal wavelengths, support vector machine (SVM) and linear and quadratic discriminant analysis (LDA and QDA) models were developed for detection of discolored seeds. As a result, the violet and red regions of the visible spectrum were selected as key wavelengths reflecting the characteristics of the discolored rice seeds. When using only two or only three selected wavelengths, all of the classification methods achieved high classification accuracies over 90% for both the calibration and validation sample sets. The results of the study showed that only two to three wavelengths are needed to differentiate between discolored, diseased and sound rice, instead of using the entire HSI wavelength regions. This demonstrates the feasibility of developing a low cost multispectral imaging technology based on these selected wavelengths for non-destructive and high-throughput screening of diseased rice seed.
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