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dc.contributor.authorEllis, Erle C.
dc.contributor.authorBeusen, Arthur H.W.
dc.contributor.authorGoldewijk, Kees Klein
dc.date.accessioned2020-10-21T17:49:09Z
dc.date.available2020-10-21T17:49:09Z
dc.date.issued2020-04-25
dc.description.abstractHuman populations and their use of land have reshaped landscapes for thousands of years, creating the anthropogenic biomes (anthromes) that now cover most of the terrestrial biosphere. Here we introduce the first global reconstruction and mapping of anthromes and their changes across the 12,000-year interval from 10,000 BCE to 2015 CE; the Anthromes 12K dataset. Anthromes were mapped using gridded global estimates of human population density and land use from the History of the Global Environment database (HYDE version 3.2) by a classification procedure similar to that used for prior anthrome maps. Anthromes 12K maps generally agreed with prior anthrome maps for the same time periods, though significant differences were observed, including a substantial reduction in Rangelands anthromes in 2000 CE but with increases before that time. Differences between maps resulted largely from improvements in HYDE’s representation of land use, including pastures and rangelands, compared with the HYDE 3.1 input data used in prior anthromes maps. The larger extent of early land use in Anthromes 12K also agrees more closely with empirical assessments than prior anthrome maps; the result of an evidence-based paradigm shift in characterizing the history of Earth’s transformation through land use, from a mostly recent large-scale conversion of uninhabited wildlands, to a long-term trend of increasingly intensive transformation and use of already inhabited and used landscapes. The spatial history of anthropogenic changes depicted in Anthromes 12K remain to be validated, especially for earlier time periods. Nevertheless, Anthromes 12K is a major advance over all prior anthrome datasets and provides a new platform for assessing the long-term environmental consequences of human transformation of the terrestrial biosphere.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipEllis contributions were supported in part by US NSF grant CNS 1125210. Klein Goldewijk contributions were supported by NWO VENI grant no. 016.158.021.en_US
dc.description.urihttps://www.mdpi.com/2073-445X/9/5/129/xmlen_US
dc.format.extent19 pagesen_US
dc.genrejournal articlesen_US
dc.identifierdoi:10.13016/m27d9c-hynr
dc.identifier.citationEllis, Erle C.; Beusen, Arthur H.W.; Goldewijk, Kees Klein; Anthropogenic Biomes: 10,000 BCE to 2015 CE; Land 2020, 9(5), 129; https://www.mdpi.com/2073-445X/9/5/129/xmlen_US
dc.identifier.urihttps://doi.org/10.3390/land9050129
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11603/19944
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.publisherMDPIen_US
dc.relation.isAvailableAtThe University of Maryland, Baltimore County (UMBC)
dc.relation.ispartofUMBC Geography and Environmental Systems Department Collection
dc.relation.ispartofUMBC Faculty Collection
dc.rightsThis item is likely protected under Title 17 of the U.S. Copyright Law. Unless on a Creative Commons license, for uses protected by Copyright Law, contact the copyright holder or the author.
dc.rightsAttribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)*
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/*
dc.titleAnthropogenic Biomes: 10,000 BCE to 2015 CEen_US
dc.typeTexten_US


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This item is likely protected under Title 17 of the U.S. Copyright Law. Unless on a Creative Commons license, for uses protected by Copyright Law, contact the copyright holder or the author.
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