Second Harmonic Generation from a Single Plasmonic Nanorod Strongly Coupled to a WSe₂ Monolayer
Links to Fileshttps://arxiv.org/abs/2009.08060
MetadataShow full item record
Type of Work19 pages
journal articles preprints
Citation of Original PublicationLi, Chentao; Lu, Xin; Srivastava, Ajit; Storm, S. David; Gelfand, Rachel; Pelton, Matthew; Sukharev, Maxim; Second Harmonic Generation from a Single Plasmonic Nanorod Strongly Coupled to a WSe2 Monolayer; Optics (2020); https://arxiv.org/abs/2009.08060
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Monolayer transition metal dichalcogenides, coupled to metal plasmonic nanocavities, have recently emerged as new platforms for strong light-matter interactions. These systems are expected to have nonlinear optical properties that will enable them to be used as entangled photon sources, compact wave-mixing devices, and other elements for classical and quantum photonic technologies. Here we report the first experimental investigation of the nonlinear properties of these strongly coupled systems, by observing second harmonic generation from a WSe₂ monolayer strongly coupled to a single gold nanorod. The pump frequency dependence of the second harmonic signal displays a pronounced splitting that can be explained by a coupled oscillator model with second-order nonlinearities. Rigorous numerical simulations utilizing a nonperturbative nonlinear hydrodynamic model of conduction electrons support this interpretation and reproduce experimental results. Our study thus lays the groundwork for understanding the nonlinear properties of strongly coupled nanoscale systems.