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dc.contributor.authorHerrán, Keren
dc.contributor.authorBiehler, Dawn
dc.date.accessioned2020-12-11T17:46:47Z
dc.date.available2020-12-11T17:46:47Z
dc.date.issued2020-11-24
dc.description.abstractBackground: It is predicted that by 2050 more than 250 million people will have to relocate as a result of climate-related change to their home environment. The existential threat posed by anthropogenic phenomena such as forest fires, floods, sea level rise, drought, and intensified weather events (e.g. tropical storms) has caused a new type of migrant to emerge. Within academic literature, these migrants are referred to as climate migrants, environmental migrants, or eco migrants, among other terms. These individuals’ migration journey and this journey’s impact on their mental health is currently an understudied research area. This paper summarizes the mental health challenges climate migrants face via a narrative review. Methods: Google Scholar was used as the main search database throughout May, 2020 until authors determined data saturation had been reached. Grey literature was also included. Sources were included if they focused directly on evaluating environmental migrants and their mental health experiences. Academic sources must have been peer-reviewed and published within the past 10 years. Information was coded and evaluated according to the three migration journey stages of before, after, and during relocation. Results: Main findings include that the slow or sudden degradation of one’s surroundings can cause the onset of mental health disorders that are later exacerbated by challenges faced when migrating, such as lack of access to health services. Mental health challenges faced upon reaching destination communities consist mainly of social marginalization and disruption of social ties. Lastly, action items for health systems are outlined and the need for more research on the mental wellbeing of climate migrants throughout their migration journey is stressed. Conclusions: This review is an urgent call to policymakers, health professionals, and researchers to strengthen health systems by making them more climate resilient and inclusive towards environmental migrants.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipThe author would like to thank her mentor Dr. Dawn Biehler for encouraging her to research this topic and for contributing to the author’s academic and professional development.en_US
dc.description.urihttps://f1000research.com/articles/9-1367en_US
dc.format.extent8 pagesen_US
dc.genrejournal articles preprintsen_US
dc.identifierdoi:10.13016/m2ohou-onwu
dc.identifier.citationHerrán K and Biehler D. Analysis of environmental migrants and their mental health in strengthening health systems, F1000Research 2020, 9:1367, DOI: https://doi.org/10.12688/f1000research.27272.1en_US
dc.identifier.urihttps://doi.org/10.12688/f1000research.27272.1
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11603/20238
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.publisherF1000 Researchen_US
dc.relation.isAvailableAtThe University of Maryland, Baltimore County (UMBC)
dc.relation.ispartofUMBC Geography and Environmental Systems Department Collection
dc.relation.ispartofUMBC Faculty Collection
dc.rightsThis item is likely protected under Title 17 of the U.S. Copyright Law. Unless on a Creative Commons license, for uses protected by Copyright Law, contact the copyright holder or the author.
dc.rightsAttribution 4.0 International*
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/*
dc.titleAnalysis of environmental migrants and their mental health in strengthening health systemsen_US
dc.typeTexten_US


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This item is likely protected under Title 17 of the U.S. Copyright Law. Unless on a Creative Commons license, for uses protected by Copyright Law, contact the copyright holder or the author.
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as This item is likely protected under Title 17 of the U.S. Copyright Law. Unless on a Creative Commons license, for uses protected by Copyright Law, contact the copyright holder or the author.