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dc.contributor.authorMoody, Danielle L. Beatty
dc.contributor.authorWaldstein, Shari R.
dc.contributor.authorLeibel, Daniel K.
dc.contributor.authorHoggard, Lori S.
dc.contributor.authorGee, Gilbert C.
dc.contributor.authorAshe, Jason J.
dc.contributor.authorBrondolo, Elizabeth
dc.contributor.authorAl-Najjar, Elias
dc.contributor.authorEvans, Michele K.
dc.contributor.authorZonderman, Alan B.
dc.date.accessioned2021-06-07T16:45:02Z
dc.date.available2021-06-07T16:45:02Z
dc.date.issued2021-05-19
dc.description.abstractObjectives To examine whether intersections of race with other key sociodemographic categories contribute to variations in multiple dimensions of race- and non-race-related, interpersonal-level discrimination and burden in urban-dwelling African Americans and Whites. Methods Data from 2,958 participants aged 30–64 in the population-based Healthy Aging in Neighborhoods of Diversity across the Life Span (HANDLS) study were used to estimate up to four-way interactions of race, age, gender, and poverty status with reports of racial and everyday discrimination, discrimination across multiple social statuses, and related lifetime discrimination burden in multiple regression models. Results We observed that: 1) African Americans experienced all forms of discrimination more frequently than Whites, but this finding was qualified by interactions of race with age, gender, and/or poverty status; 2) older African Americans, particularly African American men, and African American men living in poverty reported the greatest lifetime discrimination burden; 3) older African Americans reported greater racial discrimination and greater frequency of multiple social status-based discrimination than younger African Americans; 4) African American men reported greater racial and everyday discrimination and a greater frequency of social status discrimination than African American women; and, 5) White women reported greater frequency of discrimination than White men. All p’s < .05. Conclusions Within African Americans, older, male individuals with lower SES experienced greater racial, lifetime, and multiple social status-based discrimination, but this pattern was not observed in Whites. Among Whites, women reported greater frequency of discrimination across multiple social statuses and other factors (i.e., gender, income, appearance, and health status) than men. Efforts to reduce discrimination-related health disparities should concurrently assess dimensions of interpersonal-level discrimination across multiple sociodemographic categories, while simultaneously considering the broader socioecological context shaping these factors.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipThe National Institute on Aging Intramural Research Program of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) directed this research. We would like to acknowledge our funding sources: K01AG043581 (DLBM), P30AG028747 (DLBM and SRW), R01AG034161 (SRW), and ZIAG000513 (MKE and ABZ). The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Institute on Aging.en_US
dc.description.urihttps://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0251174en_US
dc.format.extent2 filesen_US
dc.genrejournal articlesen_US
dc.identifierdoi:10.13016/m2uvuc-td9u
dc.identifier.citationMoody, Danielle L. Beatty; Waldstein, Shari R.; Leibel, Daniel K.; Hoggard, Lori S.; Gee, Gilbert C.; Ashe, Jason J.; Brondolo, Elizabeth; Al-Najjar, Elias; Evans, Michele K.; Zonderman, Alan B.; Race and other sociodemographic categories are differentially linked to multiple dimensions of interpersonal-level discrimination: Implications for intersectional, health research; PLoS ONE 16,5 (2021); https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0251174en_US
dc.identifier.urihttps://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0251174
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11603/21691
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.publisherPLOSen_US
dc.relation.isAvailableAtThe University of Maryland, Baltimore County (UMBC)
dc.relation.ispartofUMBC Mathematics Department Collection
dc.relation.ispartofUMBC Student Collection
dc.rightsThis item is likely protected under Title 17 of the U.S. Copyright Law. Unless on a Creative Commons license, for uses protected by Copyright Law, contact the copyright holder or the author.
dc.rightsPublic Domain Mark 1.0*
dc.rightsThis work was written as part of one of the author's official duties as an Employee of the United States Government and is therefore a work of the United States Government. In accordance with 17 U.S.C. 105, no copyright protection is available for such works under U.S. Law.
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/mark/1.0/*
dc.titleRace and other sociodemographic categories are differentially linked to multiple dimensions of interpersonal-level discrimination: Implications for intersectional, health researchen_US
dc.typeTexten_US


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This item is likely protected under Title 17 of the U.S. Copyright Law. Unless on a Creative Commons license, for uses protected by Copyright Law, contact the copyright holder or the author.
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