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dc.contributor.authorCheng, Samantha H.
dc.contributor.authorCostedoat, Sebastien
dc.contributor.authorSterling, Eleanor J.
dc.contributor.authorChamberlain, Catherine
dc.contributor.authorJagadish, Arundhati
dc.contributor.authorLichtenthal, Peter
dc.contributor.authorNowakowski, A. Justin
dc.contributor.authorTaylor, Auset
dc.contributor.authorTinsman, Jen
dc.contributor.authorCanty, Steven W. J.
dc.contributor.authorHolland, Margaret
dc.contributor.authorJones, Kelly W.
dc.contributor.authorMills, Morena
dc.contributor.authorMorales‑Hidalgo, David
dc.contributor.authorSprenkle‑Hyppolite, Starry
dc.contributor.authorWiggins, Meredith
dc.contributor.authorMascia, Michael B.
dc.contributor.authorBrenes, Carlos L. Muñoz
dcterms.creatorhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-5767-5370en_US
dc.date.accessioned2022-06-22T00:28:43Z
dc.date.available2022-06-22T00:28:43Z
dc.date.issued2022-04-19
dc.description.abstractBackground Natural climate solutions (NCS)—actions to conserve, restore, and modify natural and modified ecosystems to increase carbon storage or avoid greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions—are increasingly regarded as important pathways for climate change mitigation, while contributing to our global conservation efforts, overall planetary resilience, and sustainable development goals. Recently, projections posit that terrestrial-based NCS can potentially capture or avoid the emission of at least 11 Gt (gigatons) of carbon dioxide equivalent a year, or roughly encompassing one third of the emissions reductions needed to meet the Paris Climate Agreement goals by 2030. NCS interventions also purport to provide co-benefits such as improved productivity and livelihoods from sustainable natural resource management, protection of locally and culturally important natural areas, and downstream climate adaptation benefits. Attention on implementing NCS to address climate change across global and national agendas has grown—however, clear understanding of which types of NCS interventions have undergone substantial study versus those that require additional evidence is still lacking. This study aims to conduct a systematic map to collate and describe the current state, distribution, and methods used for evidence on the links between NCS interventions and climate change mitigation outcomes within tropical and sub-tropical terrestrial ecosystems. Results of this study can be used to inform program and policy design and highlight critical knowledge gaps where future evaluation, research, and syntheses are needed. Methods To develop this systematic map, we will search two bibliographic databases (including 11 indices) and 67 organization websites, backward citation chase from 39 existing evidence syntheses, and solicit information from key informants. All searches will be conducted in English and encompass subtropical and tropical terrestrial ecosystems (forests, grasslands, mangroves, agricultural areas). Search results will be screened at title and abstract, and full text levels, recording both the number of excluded articles and reasons for exclusion. Key meta-data from included articles will be coded and reported in a narrative review that will summarize trends in the evidence base, assess gaps in knowledge, and provide insights for policy, practice, and research. The data from this systematic map will be made open access.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipThe authors thank the advisory group members (A. Roopsind, P. Brancalion, C. Zganjar, J. Brandt, L. Glew) who provided critical input and feedback on the process and scope of this project. This work is Smithsonian Marine Station Contribution number 1175. We thank the Patrick J. McGovern Foundation for support.en_US
dc.description.urihttps://environmentalevidencejournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s13750-022-00268-wen_US
dc.format.extent17 pagesen_US
dc.genrejournal articlesen_US
dc.identifierdoi:10.13016/m28g6z-1xy3
dc.identifier.citationCheng, S.H., Costedoat, S., Sterling, E.J. et al. What evidence exists on the links between natural climate solutions and climate change mitigation outcomes in subtropical and tropical terrestrial regions? A systematic map protocol. Environ Evid 11, 15 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13750-022-00268-wen_US
dc.identifier.urihttps://doi.org/10.1186/s13750-022-00268-w
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11603/25020
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.publisherBMCen_US
dc.relation.isAvailableAtThe University of Maryland, Baltimore County (UMBC)
dc.relation.ispartofUMBC Geography and Environmental Systems Department Collection
dc.relation.ispartofUMBC Faculty Collection
dc.rightsThis work was written as part of one of the author's official duties as an Employee of the United States Government and is therefore a work of the United States Government. In accordance with 17 U.S.C. 105, no copyright protection is available for such works under U.S. Law.en_US
dc.rightsPublic Domain Mark 1.0*
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/mark/1.0/*
dc.titleWhat evidence exists on the links between natural climate solutions and climate change mitigation outcomes in subtropical and tropical terrestrial regions? A systematic map protocolen_US
dc.typeTexten_US


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This work was written as part of one of the author's official duties as an Employee of the United States Government and is therefore a work of the United States Government. In accordance with 17 U.S.C. 105, no copyright protection is available for such works under U.S. Law.
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as This work was written as part of one of the author's official duties as an Employee of the United States Government and is therefore a work of the United States Government. In accordance with 17 U.S.C. 105, no copyright protection is available for such works under U.S. Law.