The Influence Of Rural And Urban Areas On The Female Communities In The Works Of Toni Cade Bambara, Gayl Jones, And Toni Morrison

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English and Languages


Doctor of Philosophy

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The premise of this study is the influence of rural and urban areas on the female communities contained within a selection of works by Toni Cade Bambara, Gayl Jones, and Toni Morrison. Each of the protagonists experiences three lives in order to create a functional identity in her respective society. In order to modify the existing identity, each female protagonist, through the assistance of the female community, reflects on her past experiences thereby healing her self. Undoubtedly, the females must confess the transgressions that they have taken against their selves and also those taken against them by others in order to accept their true identities. The works chosen are investigated in the following order: The Salt Eaters, Mosquito, Paradise, Gorilla, My Love ("My Man Bovanne," "Gorilla, My Love," "Raymond's Run," and "The Lesson"), The Healing, and Jazz. The methodology used is: Feminism, Womanism, and Ecocriticism.