Biochemical, Bioinformatic, and Microbiological Characterization of Cellulolytic Bacteria for Biofuels

dc.contributor.advisorDr. Craig Laufer
dc.contributor.authorMadeline Schwab
dc.contributor.departmentHood College Department of Biology
dc.contributor.programHood College Departmental Honors
dc.date.accessioned2024-05-14T12:10:40Z
dc.date.available2024-05-14T12:10:40Z
dc.date.issued2024-05-12
dc.description.abstractInterest in biofuels as a renewable energy source has increased over the years to combat the effects of burning fossil fuels on the climate. Biofuels are categorized as first, second, and third-generation, each having a defined feedstock. All three have advantages and disadvantages, but second-generation is the most promising biofuel production method, utilizing non-food wastes as its feedstock. The wastes, such as corn husks, are made of lignocellulosic biomass. To produce biofuels, the biomass must be degraded by enzymes into sugars. The sugars then undergo fermentation, producing ethanol that is distilled into fuel. An issue is finding microorganisms capable of producing enzymes for biomass breakdown. The current research focuses on finding cellulases, enzymes that break down cellulose, the most abundant biomass found in plants. The bacteria collected were characterized and assayed for cellulase activity, with various genera exhibiting activity. The most prominent was Bacillus, which showed, on average, strong cellulase activity. The assays' results allow for future experiments to reassess suitable ways to quantify cellulase activity and find an efficient cellulase to aid in the production of second-generation biofuels.
dc.format.extent35 pages
dc.identifierdoi:10.13016/m2wp84-klu2
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11603/34011
dc.language.isoen_US
dc.rightsCC0 1.0 Universalen
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/
dc.subjectBiofuels
dc.subjectCellulase
dc.subjectCellulolytic Bacteria
dc.subjectCellulose degradation
dc.titleBiochemical, Bioinformatic, and Microbiological Characterization of Cellulolytic Bacteria for Biofuels
dc.typeText

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