The Effects of Providing a Mindful Toolkit to Students who are At-Risk due to their Childhood Adversity Scores


Author/Creator ORCID





Masters of Education

Citation of Original Publication


This work may be protected under Title 17 of the U.S. Copyright Law. To obtain information or permission to publish or reproduce, please contact the Goucher Special Collections & Archives at 410-337-6347 or email


The purpose of this study was to provide first grade students who have been exposed to trauma, with strategies to build coping skills to improve their behavior in a school setting. The measurement tool used was a behavioral checklist provided by Harford County Public Schools. The students selected in this study had an ACE (Adverse Childhood Experiences) score of a three or higher. This study involved the use of a pretest and a posttest design to compare the data. This study suggests teaching, implementing coping skills and providing tools increased positive student behavior in a classroom setting. Research in this area should continue with a condensed group of students.