Investigating the Impact of Distracted Driving among Different Socio-Demographic Groups

dc.contributor.authorJeihani, Mansoureh
dc.contributor.authorAhangari, Samira
dc.contributor.authorHassan Pour, Arsalan
dc.contributor.authorKhadem, Nashid
dc.contributor.authorBanerjee, Snehanshu
dc.contributor.departmentUrban Mobility & Equity Centeren_US
dc.descriptionThis is a final report. To see the original data:
dc.description.abstractPrevious studies examined the detrimental impact of distracted driving on safety; however, the effect of different types of distraction accompanied by different road classes has not been investigated. This study used a high-fidelity driving simulator and an eye-tracking system to examine the driving behavior of young participants while engaged in various in-vehicle distractions - no cell phone, handsfree call, hand-held call, voice commands text, text, taking on or off clothing, and eating or drinking - on different road classes: rural collector, freeway, urban arterial, and local road in a school zone; and with an out-of-vehicle billboard distraction. Some 92 participants drove a simulated network in the Baltimore Metropolitan Area with seven scenarios (one base scenario without any distraction and six different types of distractions). Participants also completed questionnaires documenting demographics and driving behavior before and after the driving simulator experience. The descriptive and statistical analysis of in-vehicle distractions revealed how they negatively impact safety: Participants exhibited greater fluctuations in speed, changed lanes significantly more times, and deviated from the center of the road when they were distracted while driving. The results indicated that drivers reduced their speed by up to 33% while distracted with hands free/voice command cell phone usage, which is inconsistent with the current cell phone usage policies in most states. The highest speed reduction happened on the local road when taking on/off clothing (50%), voice command texting (33%), and texting (29%). Visibility and gender significantly affected gaze fixation duration on billboards. Female participants had lower gaze fixation duration than their male counterparts on billboards, while males had less gaze fixation duration on the phone than female. The billboard with a lower cognitive load had less gaze fixation duration than the one with a higher cognitive load.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipU.S. DOT Office of the Secretary/Research Maryland Department of Transportation Maryland Highway Safety Officeen_US
dc.genreFinal report and accompanying dataen_US
dc.relation.isAvailableAtMorgan State University
dc.rightsPublic Domain Mark 1.0*
dc.subjectTraffic Safety and Mobilityen_US
dc.subjectDistracted Drivingen_US
dc.subjectDriver Behavioren_US
dc.subjectDriving Simulatoren_US
dc.titleInvestigating the Impact of Distracted Driving among Different Socio-Demographic Groupsen_US


Original bundle
Now showing 1 - 1 of 1
Thumbnail Image
2.66 MB
Adobe Portable Document Format
Final report
License bundle
Now showing 1 - 1 of 1
No Thumbnail Available
1.71 KB
Item-specific license agreed upon to submission