Flood Detection Framework Fusing The Physical Sensing & Social Sensing

Author/Creator ORCID





Citation of Original Publication

N. Singh, B. Basnyat, N. Roy and A. Gangopadhyay, "Flood Detection Framework Fusing The Physical Sensing & Social Sensing," 2020 IEEE International Conference on Smart Computing (SMARTCOMP), Bologna, Italy, 2020, pp. 374-379, doi: 10.1109/SMARTCOMP50058.2020.00080.


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We investigate the practical challenge of localized flood detection in real smart city environment using the fusion of physical sensor and social sensing models to depict a reliable and accurate flood monitoring and detection framework. Our proposed framework efficiently utilize the physical and social sensing models to provide the flood-related updates to the city officials. We deployed our flood monitoring system in Ellicott City, Maryland, USA and connect it to the social sensing module to perform the flood-related sensor and social data integration and analysis. Our ground-based sensor network model record and performs the predictive data analytic by forecasting the rise in water level (RMSE=0.2) that demonstrates the severity of upcoming flash floods whereas, our social sensing model helps collect and track the flood-related feeds from Twitter. We employ a pre-trained model and inductive transfer learning based approach to classify the flood-related tweets with 90% accuracy in the use of unseen target flood events. Finally our flood detection framework categorizes the flood relevant localized contextual details into more meaningful classes in order to help the emergency services and local authorities for effective decision making.