The content of education for direct caregivers


Author/Creator ORCID





Citation of Original Publication

Nancy Kusmaul (2016) The content of education for direct caregivers, Educational Gerontology, 42:1, 19-24, DOI: 10.1080/03601277.2015.1059142


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This is the submitted manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Educational Gerontology on 15 Oct 2015, available online:



Direct caregivers in nursing homes are the certified nursing assistants (CNAs) who provide the majority of hands-on care. This study administered a knowledge instrument to a sample of CNAs () employed at nursing homes in a northeastern city to evaluate their knowledge in the domains of aging, cognition, and mental health. This study found that despite working with older adults on a daily basis, the CNAs had less than average knowledge in these areas. They demonstrated deficits in knowledge in all three domains. Implications for CNA education and regulation are discussed.