- ItemComment les Femmes se sont Réapproprié leur Corps : Les Couturières des Années Folles en France(2023-04-25) Villalobos, Stephanie; Course, Didier; Hood College Global Languages and Cultures; Hood College Departmental Honors ProgramThis thesis explores the evolution of fashion in France from the 19th Century up to the present time. Specifically, the study explores the impact of a fashion industry dominated by men and how women fashion designers along with others were able to develop "La Garconne" or "the New Women" during the Roaring Twenties. Overall, the thesis is divided into four parts: a brief history of French fashion constructed by men, the effects of World War I and the notion of the “new women,” a decade of women fashion designers, and the return of a field of fashion dominated by men after World War II.
- ItemChristianity in the Middle East: An Ancient Past, an Uncertain Future(2017-05) Hassaine, Matthew; Wright, Donald; Hood College Foreign Languages and Literatures; Hood College Departmental HonorsThe continued presence of Christian communities in the Middle East evidences a nuanced reality of a religious pluralism in the Middle East often overlooked by political elites and media outlets. The Middle East, so often depicted as a homogenous, categorically Muslim region, is, in reality, a centuries-old bastion of religious diversity. Christianity has its roots in the Middle East, the very land upon which Jesus Christ himself trod. The first Christians were from this region that would eventually come to be called the Middle East, and the Middle East is home to some of the most ancient Churches in the world1. Christianity belongs to the Middle East, and more importantly, to the peoples of the Middle East, as much as it does to Rome and to the peoples of the traditional “Christendom”. The binary assumption that the West is categorically Christian, and that the Middle East is categorically Muslim, allows political struggle between East and West to be cast in a religious light, capitalizing on religious fervor.
- ItemWhat’s Rome got to do with it? An Examination of Western Perspectives on the Value of Middle Eastern Antiquities(2016) Warren, Emily; Wright, Donald; Hood College Foreign Languages and Literatures; Hood College Departmental HonorsThroughout history, the West has conquered and controlled. Whether through war spoils or pioneer expansion, Western influence has touched almost every corner of the world. Because of this, there is a certain mentality among those who reside in the Western world, an intrinsic feeling of stewardship and ownership. This feeling, which most Westerners are completely unaware of, creates a subconscious desire to ‘protect’ the things they feel connected to, the things they feel they possess an ownership of. It is imperative to have a firm understanding of the mentality behind the colonial and imperial history of the West to truly comprehend where this sense of stewardship and ownership originate from. The colonial mentality, which at its core is psychologically based, centers on the idea that the colonizer’s culture is superior to the colonized culture. Westerners often believe that because of their connection to places through past colonization, they have a duty to protect and manage property that they have a sense of stewardship for. The basis of stewardship, transcribed in its definition, presumes that the steward has been entrusted with the care of the object by the rightful owner. However, all too often this sense of stewardship morphs in a sense of ownership, that the property or object belongs, indirectly, to the West, and the destruction of it is a direct attack on the West. This is the prevailing mentality that is connected to the past and current situations of antiquity destruction in the Middle East.
- ItemCrossing the Line between Political and Terrorist Groups(2016-12) Brown, Kelly; Wright, Donald; Hood College Middle Eastern Studies; Hood College Departmental HonorsTerrorism is politically driven, making the division between “political” and “terror” nonexistent. Throughout history, human social and political structure has developed in a way that has made an unclear divide between political and terrorist organizations. The first terrorist groups emerged in what today is identified as the Middle East. Lebanon and Israel transitioned through multiple power changes starting in antiquity and continuing to present day that has contributed to the development of complex terrorist organizations. Large powers saw the rise of international support and funding, conflict development between ethnic groups, and the transition toward terror acts. Modern terrorist groups originate from poverty and lack of acknowledgement from governments to provide resources in order to survive. Terrorist organizations such as Hezbollah and Hamas have developed to represent, protect, and provide for the oppressed and poor communities. They hold positions in the government, making them political in nature; however, they also carry out acts of terror. United States Foreign Policy has previously failed to recognize the humanitarian aspects of terrorist groups, and therefore has been unsuccessful in the multiple attempts to eliminate them. Instead of trying to find the defining moment when westerners separated the “terror” from “political,” it is necessary to understand they work in tandem.
- ItemArt et Identité : La Présence de la Culture Juive dans la France médiévaleReel, Marisa; Course, Didier; Morris, April; Hood College Department of Global Languages and Cultures; Hood College Departmental HonorsThis paper explores Hebrew illuminated manuscripts created in 13th and 14th century France. It looks at the cultural, political, and social environment in which these manuscripts were created and how they may have been used as outlets to express Jewish identity in a Christian world.