Social Psychological Violence through the Control of Musical Freedom
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In his examination of the systems of abuse that threaten the lives and well being of African Americans, theorist David G. Gil designates six categories of human needs. Among these needs, the social psychological include, “stable, meaningful social relations” as well as “belonging to a community, involving mutual respect, acceptance, affirmation, care and love, and opportunities for self-discovery and for emergence of a positive sense of identity” (26). The social-psychological needs of African Americans have been actively denied throughout the history of the United States, therefore African Americans' ability to reach their full potential has been compromised. Since the first enslaved people were brought to America in 1619, African Americans have used music, dance, and rhythm as a means of communication, creative expression and active resistance to systems of oppression (Morris). Therefore rhythm, dance and song have served as a tool for liberation (Sweet Honey).