The Center for Space Sciences and Technology (CSST) is the administrative unit for UMBC’s participation in the CRESST consortium. The NASA Goddard Space Flight Center (NASA/GSFC), The University of Maryland College Park (UMCP), Catholic University, Howard University and Southeastern Universities Research Association (SURA) are our partners in the consortium.

The Center for Research and Exploration in Space Science & Technology (CRESST), is a cooperative agreement between the partner institutions. The CRESST consortium currently has over 120 PhD astronomers and astrophysicists working within the Astrophysics Science Division at GSFC.

CSST was formed in 2006 and currently has over 20 UMBC research faculty, several of which are affiliated to the physics department. The research conducted by the members of CSST focuses on (i) Astrophysical Data Reduction, Interpretation & Archiving, (ii) Space Science Technology: Development & Calibration, and (iii) Theoretical Astrophysics: Simulations & Software.

CSST maintains close relations with (and is housed within) the Physics Department at UMBC. Combined, UMBC astrophysics faculty and CSST scientists contribute to the Undergraduate & Graduate activities (including the Undergrad & Grad internships) by teaching & mentoring students.

Recent Submissions

  • The Event Horizon General Relativistic Magnetohydrodynamic Code Comparison Project 

    Porth, Oliver; Chatterjee, Koushik; Narayan, Ramesh (2019-04-11)
    Recent developments in compact object astrophysics, especially the discovery of merging neutron stars by LIGO, the imaging of the black hole in M87 by the Event Horizon Telescope (EHT) and high precision astrometry of the ...
  • Using Gamma Ray Monitoring to Avoid Missing the Next Milky Way Type Ia Supernova 

    Wang, Xilu; Fields, Brian D.; Lien, Amy Yarleen (2019-04-10)
    A Milky-Way Type Ia Supernova (SNIa) could be unidentified or even initially unnoticed, being dim in radio, X-rays, and neutrinos, and suffering large optical/IR extinction in the Galactic plane. But SNIa emit nuclear ...
  • Principal component analysis of up-the-ramp sampled infrared array data 

    Rauscher, Bernard J.; Arendt, Richard G.; Fixsen, Dale J.; Kutyrev, Alexander; Mosby, Gregory; Moseley, Samuel H. (SPIE, 2019-04-09)
    We describe the results of principal component analysis (PCA) of up-the-ramp sampled infrared (IR) array data from the Hubble Space Telescope wide field camera 3 (WFC3 IR), James Webb Space Telescope NIRSpec, and prototype ...
  • Kiloparsec-scale Jets: Physics, Emission Mechanisms, and Challenges 

    Perlman, Eric S.; Meyer, Eileen; Eilek, Jean; Tchekhovskoy, Sasha; Nyland, Kristina; Agudo, Ivan; Baum, Stefi; Hardcastle, Martin; Kadler, Matthias; Labiano, Alvaro; Marshall, Herman; O’Dea, Christopher; Worrall, Diana (2019-03-08)
    Jets are a ubiquitous part of the accretion process, created in AGN, by a coupling between the magnetic field near the central black hole and inflowing material. We point out what advances can be achieved by new technologies, ...
  • Tests of General Relativity and Fundamental Physics with Space-based Gravitational Wave Detectors 

    Berti, Emanuele; Barausse, Enrico; Cholis, Ilias; Garcia-Bellido, Juan; Holley-Bockelmann, Kelly; Hughes, Scott A.; Kelly, Bernard; Kovetz, Ely D.; Littenberg, Tyson B.; Livas, Jeffrey; Mueller, Guido; Natarajan, Priya; Shoemaker, David H.; Shoemaker, Deirdre; Schnittman, Jeremy D.; Vallisneri, Michele; Yunes, Nicolas (2019-03-07)
    Low-frequency gravitational-wave astronomy can perform precision tests of general relativity and probe fundamental physics in a regime previously inaccessible. A space-based detector will be a formidable tool to explore ...
  • A Shocking Shift in Paradigm for Classical Novae 

    Chomiuk, Laura; Aydi, Elias; Babul, Aliya-Nur; Derdzinski, Andrea; Kawash, Adam; Li, Kwan-Lok; Linford, Justin; Metzger, Brian D.; Mukai, Koji; Rupen, Michael P.; Sokoloski, Jennifer; Sokolovsky, Kirill; Steinberg, Elad (2019-03-19)
    The discovery of GeV gamma-rays from classical novae has led to a reassessment of these garden-variety explosions, and highlighted their importance for understanding radiative shocks, particle acceleration, and dust formation ...
  • Time Domain Studies of Neutron Star and Black Hole Populations: X-ray Identification of Compact Object Types 

    Vulic, Neven; Hornschemeier, A. E.; Antoniou, V.; Basu-Zych, A. R.; Binder, B.; Fornasini, F. M.; Furst, F.; Haberl, F.; Heida, M.; Lehmer, B. D.; Maccarone, T. J.; Ptak, A. F.; Sivakoff, G. R.; Tzanavaris, P.; Wik, D. R.; Williams, B. F.; Wilms, J.; Yukita, M.; Zezas, A. (2019-03-23)
    What are the most important conditions and processes governing the growth of stellar-origin compact objects? The identification of compact object type as either black hole (BH) or neutron star (NS) is fundamental to ...
  • The Physics of Accretion Onto Highly Magnetized Neutron Stars 

    Wolff, Michael T.; Becker, Peter A.; Coley, Joel; Fürst, Felix; Guillot, Sebastien; Harding, Alice; Hemphill, Paul; Jaisawal, Gaurava K.; Kretschmar, Peter; Kühnel, Matthias Bissinger né; Malacaria, Christian; Pottschmidt, Katja; Rothschild, Richard; Staubert, Rüdiger; Tomsick, John; West, Brent; Wilms, Jörn; Wilson-Hodge, Colleen; Wood, Kent (2019-03-29)
    Studying the physical processes occurring in the region just above the magnetic poles of strongly magnetized, accreting binary neutron stars is essential to our understanding of stellar and binary system evolution. Perhaps ...
  • Ethane in Titan’s Stratosphere from Cassini CIRS Far- and Mid-infrared Spectra 

    Lombardo, Nicholas A.; Nixon, Conor A.; Sylvestre, Melody; Jennings, Donald E.; Teanby, Nicholas; Irwin, Patrick J. G.; Flasar, F. Michael (The American Astronomical Society, 2019-04-02)
    The Cassini Composite Infrared Spectrometer (CIRS) observed thermal emission in the far- and mid-infrared (from 10 to 1500 cm⁻¹), enabling spatiotemporal studies of ethane on Titan across the span of the Cassini mission ...
  • A Shocking Shift in Paradigm for Classical Novae 

    Chomiuk, Laura; Aydi, Elias; Babul, Aliya-Nur; Derdzinski, Andrea; Kawash, Adam; Li, Kwan-Lok; Linford, Justin; Metzger, Brian D.; Mukai, Koji; Rupen, Michael P.; Sokoloski, Jennifer; Sokolovsky, Kirill; Steinberg, Elad (2019-03-19)
    The discovery of GeV gamma-rays from classical novae has led to a reassessment of these garden-variety explosions, and highlighted their importance for understanding radiative shocks, particle acceleration, and dust formation ...
  • Observing the transient pulsations of SMC X-1 with NuSTAR 

    Pike, Sean N.; Harrison, Fiona A.; Bachetti, Matteo; Brumback, McKinley C.; Fürst, Felix S.; Madsen, Kristin K.; Pottschmidt, Katja; Tomsick, John A.; Wilms, Jörn (2019-03-15)
    We report on NuSTAR observations of transient pulsations in the neutron star X-ray binary SMC X-1. The transition from non-pulsing to pulsing states was not accompanied by a large change in flux. Instead, both pulsing and ...
  • What is the nature and origin of the highest-energy particles in the universe 

    Sarazin, Fred; Anchordoqui, Luis; Beatty, James; Bergman, Douglas; Covault, Corbin; Farrar, Glennys; Krizmanic, John; Nitz, David; Olinto, Angela; Unger, Michael; Tinyakov, Peter; Wiencke, Lawrence (2019-03-10)
    This white paper was submitted to the US Astronomy and Astrophysics Decadal Survey (Astro2020) and defines the science questions to be answered in the next decade in the field of Ultra-High Energy Cosmic-Rays. Following a ...
  • Supermassive black holes at high redshifts 

    Paliya, Vaidehi S.; Ajello, Marco; Marcotulli, Lea; Tomsick, John; Perkins, Jeremy S.; Prandini, Elisa; D'Ammando, Filippo; Angelis, Alessandro De; Thompson, David; Li, Hui; Dominguez, Alberto; Beckmann, Volker; Guiriec, Sylvain; Wadiasingh, Zorawar; Coppi, Paolo; Harding, J. Patrick; Petropoulou, Maria; Hewitt, John W.; Ojha, Roopesh; Marcowith, Alexandre; Doro, Michele; Castro, Daniel; Baring, Matthew; Hays, Elizabeth; Orlando, Elena; Guiriec, Sylvain; Bozhilov, Vladimir; Agudo, Ivan; Venters, Tonia; McEnery, Julie; The, Lih-Sin; Hartmann, Dieter; Buson, Sara; Longo, Francesco; Gasparrini, Dario (2019-03-14)
    MeV blazars are the most luminous persistent sources in the Universe and emit most of their energy in the MeV band. These objects display very large jet powers and accretion luminosities and are known to host black holes ...
  • Neutrinos, Cosmic Rays and the MeV Band 

    Ojha, R.; Zhang, H.; Kadler, M.; Neilson, N. K.; Kreter, M.; McEnery, J.; Buson, S.; Caputo, R.; Coppi, P.; D'Ammando, F.; Angelis, A. De; Fang, K.; Giannios, D.; Guiriec, S.; Guo, F.; Kopp, J.; Krauss, F.; Li, H.; Meyer, M.; Moiseev, A.; Petropoulou, M.; Prescod-Weinstein, C.; Rani, B.; Shrader, C.; Venters, T.; Wadiasingh, Z. (2019-03-13)
    The possible association of the blazar TXS 0506+056 with a high-energy neutrino detected by IceCube holds the tantalizing potential to answer three astrophysical questions: 1. Where do high-energy neutrinos originate? 2. ...
  • Multi-Physics of AGN Jets in the Multi-Messenger Era 

    Rani, B.; Petropoulou, M.; Zhang, H.; D'Ammando, F.; Finke, J.; Baring, M.; Böttcher, M.; Dimitrakoudis, S.; Gan, Z.; Giannios, D.; Hartmann, D. H.; Krichbaum, T. P.; Marscher, A. P.; Mastichiadis, A.; Nalewajko, K.; Ojha, R.; Paneque, D.; Shrader, C.; Sironi, L.; Tchekhovskoy, A.; Thompson, D. J.; Vlahakis, N.; Venters, T. M. (2019-03-11)
    Active galactic nuclei (AGN) with relativistic jets, powered by gas accretion onto their central supermassive black hole (SMBH), are unique laboratories for studying the physics of matter and elementary particles in extreme ...
  • High-Energy Polarimetry - a new window to probe extreme physics in AGN jets 

    Rani, B.; Zhang, H.; Hunter, S. D.; Kislat, F.; Böttcher, M.; McEnery, J. E.; Thompson, D. J.; Giannios, D.; Guo, F.; Li, H.; Baring, M.; Agudo, I.; Buson, S.; Petropoulou, M.; Pavlidou, V.; Angelakis, E.; Myserlis, I.; Wadiasingh, Z.; Silva, R. M. Curado da; Kilian, P.; Guiriec, S.; Bozhilov, V. V.; Hodgson, J.; Antón, S.; Kazanas, D.; Coppi, P.; Venters, T.; Longo, F.; Bottacini, E.; Ojha, R.; Zhang, B.; Ciprini, S.; Moiseev, A.; Shrader, C. (2019-03-11)
    The constantly improving sensitivity of ground-based and space-borne observatories has made possible the detection of high-energy emission (X-rays and gamma-rays) from several thousands of extragalactic sources. Enormous ...
  • Energetic Particles of Cosmic Accelerators II: Active Galactic Nuclei and Gamma-ray Bursts 

    Venters, Tonia M.; Guiriec, Sylvain; Lien, Amy Y.; Ajello, Marco; Brandt, Terri J.; Blumer, Harsha; Briggs, Michael; Coppi, Paolo; D'Ammando, Filippo; Fields, Brian; Finke, Justin; Fryer, Chris; Hamaguchi, Kenji; Harding, J. Patrick; Hewitt, John W.; Humensky, Brian; Hunter, Stanley D.; Li, Hui; Longo, Francesco; McEnery, Julie; Ojha, Roopesh; Pavlidou, Vasiliki; Petropoulou, Maria; Prescod-Weinstein, Chanda; Rani, Bindu; Santander, Marcos; Tomsick, John A.; Wadiasingh, Zorawar; Walter, Roland (2019-03-11)
    The high-energy universe has revealed that energetic particles are ubiquitous in the cosmos and play a vital role in the cultivation of cosmic environments on all scales. Though they play a key role in cultivating the ...
  • Energetic Particles of Cosmic Accelerators I: Galactic Accelerators 

    Venters, Tonia M.; Hamaguchi, Kenji; Brandt, Terri J.; Ajello, Marco; Blumer, Harsha; Briggs, Michael; Coppi, Paolo; D'Ammando, Filippo; Becker, Michaël De; Fields, Brian; Guiriec, Sylvain; Hewitt, John W.; Humensky, Brian; Hunter, Stanley D.; Li, Hui; Lien, Amy Y.; Longo, Francesco; Marcowith, Alexandre; McEnery, Julie; Ojha, Roopesh; Pavlidou, Vasiliki; Prescod-Weinstein, Chanda; Santander, Marcos; Tomsick, John A.; Wadiasingh, Zorawar; Walter, Roland (2019-03-11)
    The high-energy universe has revealed that energetic particles are ubiquitous in the cosmos and play a vital role in the cultivation of cosmic environments on all scales. Energetic particles in our own galaxy, galactic ...
  • NuSTAR Detection of X-rays Concurrent with Gamma Rays in the Nova V5855 Sgr 

    Nelson, Thomas; Mukai, Koji; Li, Kwan-Lok; Vurm, Indrek; Metzger, Brian D.; Chomiuk, Laura; Sokoloski, J.L.; Linford, Justin D.; Bohlsen, Terry; Luckas, Paul (2018-12-31)
    We report the first detection of hard (>10 keV) X-ray emission simultaneous with gamma rays in a nova eruption. Observations of the nova V5855 Sgr carried out with the NuSTAR satellite on Day 12 of the eruption revealed ...
  • A deep X-ray view of the bare AGN Ark 120 VI. Geometry of the hot corona from spectroscopic and polarization signatures 

    Marinucci, A.; Porquet, D.; Tamborra, F.; Bianchi, S.; Braito, V.; Lobban, A.; Marin, F.; Matt, G.; Middei, R.; Nardini, E.; Reeves, J.; Tortosa, A. (ESO, 2018-11-30)
    Context. The spectral shape of the hard X-ray continuum of active galactic nuclei (AGN) can be ascribed to inverse Compton scattering of optical/UV seed photons from the accretion disc by a hot corona of electrons. This ...

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