The Center for Space Sciences and Technology (CSST) is the administrative unit for UMBC’s participation in the CRESST consortium. The NASA Goddard Space Flight Center (NASA/GSFC), The University of Maryland College Park (UMCP), Catholic University, Howard University and Southeastern Universities Research Association (SURA) are our partners in the consortium.

The Center for Research and Exploration in Space Science & Technology (CRESST), is a cooperative agreement between the partner institutions. The CRESST consortium currently has over 120 PhD astronomers and astrophysicists working within the Astrophysics Science Division at GSFC.

CSST was formed in 2006 and currently has over 20 UMBC research faculty, several of which are affiliated to the physics department. The research conducted by the members of CSST focuses on (i) Astrophysical Data Reduction, Interpretation & Archiving, (ii) Space Science Technology: Development & Calibration, and (iii) Theoretical Astrophysics: Simulations & Software.

CSST maintains close relations with (and is housed within) the Physics Department at UMBC. Combined, UMBC astrophysics faculty and CSST scientists contribute to the Undergraduate & Graduate activities (including the Undergrad & Grad internships) by teaching & mentoring students.

Recent Submissions

  • T CrB: Radio Observations during the 2016–2017 "Super-active" State 

    Linford, Justin D.; Chomiuk, Laura; Sokoloski, Jennifer L.; Weston, Jennifer H. S.; Horst, Alexander J. van der; Mukai, Koji; Barrett, Paul; Mioduszewski, Amy J.; Rupen, Michael (The American Astronomical Society, 2019-10-07)
    We obtained radio observations of the symbiotic binary and known recurrent nova T Coronae Borealis following a period of increased activity in the optical and X-ray bands. A comparison of our observations with those made ...
  • Detection of Propadiene on Titan 

    Lombardo, Nicholas A.; Nixon, Conor A.; Greathouse, Thomas K.; Bézard, Bruno; Jolly, Antoine; Vinatier, Sandrine; Teanby, Nicholas A.; Richter, Matthew J.; Irwin, Patrick J. G.; Coustenis, Athena; Flasar, F. Michael (The American Astronomical Society, 2019-08-20)
    The atmosphere of Titan, the largest moon of Saturn, is rich in organic molecules, and it has been suggested that the moon may serve as an analog for the pre-biotic Earth due to its highly reducing chemistry and existence ...
  • Spectral Properties of Populations Behind the Coherence in Spitzer Near-infrared and Chandra X-Ray Backgrounds 

    Li, Yanxia; Cappelluti, Nico; Hasinger, Günther; Arendt, Richard G.; Kashlinsky, Alexander; Pacucci, Fabio (The American Astronomical Society, 2019-09-20)
    We study the coherence of the near-infrared and X-ray background fluctuations and the X-ray spectral properties of the sources producing it. We use data from multiple Spitzer and Chandra surveys, including the UDS/SXDF ...
  • POEMMA’s target of opportunity sensitivity to cosmic neutrino transient sources 

    Venters, Tonia M.; Reno, Mary Hall; Krizmanic, John F.; Anchordoqui, Luis A.; Gu´epin, Claire; Olinto, Angela V. (2019-06-19)
    We calculate the sensitivity of space-based cosmic neutrino detection from transient sources in the context of the Probe Of Extreme Multi-Messenger Astrophysics (POEMMA) mission using Targetof Opportunity (ToO) observations. ...
  • The Accretion History of AGN: A Newly Defined Population of Cold Quasars 

    Kirkpatrick, Allison; Urry, C. Megan; Brewster, Jason; Cooke, Kevin C.; Estrada, Michael; Glikman, Eilat; Hamblin, Kurt; Ananna, Tonima Tasnim; Carlile, Casey; Coleman, Brandon; Johnson, Jordan; Kartaltepe, Jeyhan S.; LaMassa, Stephanie M.; Marchesi, Stefano; Powell, Meredith; Sanders, Dave; Treister, Ezequiel; Turner, Tracey Jane (2019-08-15)
    Quasars are the most luminous of active galactic nuclei (AGN), and are perhaps responsible for quenching star formation in their hosts. The Stripe 82X catalog covers 31.3 deg² of the Stripe 82 field, of which the 15.6 deg² ...
  • Magnetic Cataclysmic Variables discovered in hard X-rays 

    Falanga, M.; de Martino, D.; Bernardini, F.; Mukai, K. (2019-06-27)
    Among hard X-ray galactic sources detected by INTEGRAL and Swift surveys, those discovered as accreting white dwarfs have surprisingly boosted in number, representing 20% of the galactic sample. The majority are identified ...
  • A Space-based All-sky MeV γ-ray Survey with the Electron Tracking Compton Camera 

    Hamaguchi, Kenji; Tanimori, Toru; Takada, Atsushi; Beacom, John F.; Gunji, Shuichi; Mori, Masaki; Nakamori, Takeshi; Shrader, Chris R.; Smith, David M.; Tamagawa, Toru; Tsurutani, Bruce T. (2019-07)
    Thematic Activity/Project/state of the Profession Consideration Area: A sensitive survey of the MeV γ-ray sky is needed to understand important astrophysical problems such as γ-ray bursts in the early universe, progenitors ...
  • Discovery of the Galactic High-Mass Gamma-ray Binary 4FGL J1405.1-6119 

    Corbet, R. H. D.; Chomiuk, L.; Coe, M. J.; Coley, J. B.; Dubus, G.; Edwards, P. G.; Martin, P.; McBride, V. A.; Stevens, J.; Strader, J.; Townsend, L. J. (2019-08-28)
    We report the identification from multi-wavelength observations of the Fermi Large Area Telescope (LAT) source 4FGL J1405.1-6119 (= 3FGL J1405.4-6119) as a high-mass gamma-ray binary. Observations with the LAT show that ...
  • Modeling the precession of the warped inner accretion disk in the pulsars LMC X-4 and SMC X-1 with NuSTAR and XMM-Newton 

    Brumback, McKinley C.; Hickox, Ryan C.; Furst, Felix S.; Pottschmidt, Katja; Tomsick, John A.; Wilms, Jorn (2019-09-23)
    We present a broad-band X-ray study of the effect of superorbital periods on X-ray spectra and pulse profiles in the neutron star X-ray binaries LMC X-4 and SMC X-1. These two sources display periodic or quasi-periodic ...
  • 2 mm GISMO Observations of the Galactic Center. II. A Nonthermal Filament in the Radio Arc and Compact Sources 

    Staguhn, Johannes; Arendt, Richard G; Dwek, Eli; Morris, Mark R; Yusef-Zadeh, Farhad; Benford, Dominic J; Kovacs, Attila; Gonzalez-Quiles, Junellie (The American Astronomical Society, 2019-11-01)
    We have used the Goddard IRAM 2-Millimeter Observer (GISMO) with the 30 m IRAM telescope to carry out a 2 mm survey of the Galaxy’s central molecular zone (CMZ). These observations detect thermal emission from cold ISM ...
  • 2 mm GISMO Observations of the Galactic Center. I. Dust Emission 

    Arendt, Richard G; Staguhn, Johannes; Dwek, Eli; Morris, Mark R; Yusef-Zadeh, Farhad; Benford, Dominic J; Kovacs, Attila; Gonzalez-Quiles, Junellie (The American Astronomical Society, 2019-11-01)
    The Central Molecular Zone (CMZ), covering the inner ∼ 1 ◦ of the Galactic plane has been mapped at 2 mm using the GISMO bolometric camera on the 30 m IRAM telescope. The 2100 resolution maps show abundant emission from ...
  • Developing the Physical Understanding of Intermediate Polars: An X-Ray Study of TV Col and V2731 Oph 

    Oliveira, R. Lopes de; Mukai, K. (IOP Publishing, 2019-08-02)
    The X-rays in intermediate polars (IPs) originate in a compact region near the surface of a magnetic white dwarf (WD) and interact with the complex environment surrounding the emission region. Here we report a case study ...
  • A Decade of Gamma-Ray Bursts Observed by Fermi-LAT: The Second GRB Catalog 

    Ajello, M.; Arimoto, M.; Axelsson, M.; Baldini, L.; Barbiellini, G.; Bastieri, D.; Bellazzini, R.; Bhat, P. N.; Bissaldi, E.; Blandford, R. D.; Bonino, R.; Bonnell, J.; Bottacini, E.; Bregeon, J.; Bruel, P.; Buehler, R.; Cameron, R. A.; Caputo, R.; Caraveo, P. A.; Cavazzuti, E.; Chen, S.; Cheung, C. C.; Chiaro, G.; Ciprini, S.; Costantin, D.; Crnogorcevic, M.; Cutini, S.; Dainotti, M.; D’Ammando, F.; Luque, P. de la Torre; Palma, F. de; Desai, A.; Desiante, R.; Lalla, N. Di; Venere, L. Di; Dirirsa, F. Fana; Fegan, S. J.; Franckowiak, A.; Fukazawa, Y.; Funk, S.; Fusco, P.; Gargano, F.; Gasparrini, D.; Giglietto, N.; Giordano, F.; Giroletti, M.; Green, D.; Grenier, I. A.; Grove, J. E.; Guiriec, S.; Hays, E.; Hewitt, J. W.; Horan, D.; Jóhannesson, G.; Kocevski, D.; Kuss, M.; Latronico, L.; Li, J.; Longo, F.; Loparco, F.; Lovellette, M. N.; Lubrano, P.; Maldera, S.; Manfreda, A.; Martí-Devesa, G.; Mazziotta, M. N.; Mereu, I.; Meyer, M.; Michelson, P. F.; Mirabal, N.; Mitthumsiri, W.; Mizuno, T.; Monzani, M. E.; Moretti, E.; Morselli, A.; Moskalenko, I. V.; Negro, M.; Nuss, E.; Ohno, M.; Omodei, N.; Orienti, M.; Orlando, E.; Palatiello, M.; Paliya, V. S.; Paneque, D.; Persic, M.; Pesce-Rollins, M.; Petrosian, V.; Piron, F.; Poolakkil, S.; Poon, H.; Porter, T. A.; Principe, G.; Racusin, J. L.; Rainò, S.; Rando, R.; Razzano, M.; Razzaque, S.; Reimer, A.; Reimer, O.; Reposeur, T.; Ryde, F.; Serini, D.; Sgrò, C.; Siskind, E. J.; Sonbas, E.; Spandre, G.; Spinelli, P.; Suson, D. J.; Tajima, H.; Takahashi, M.; Tak, D.; Thayer, J. B.; Torres, D. F.; Troja, E.; Valverde, J.; Veres, P.; Vianello, G.; Kienlin, A. von; Wood, K.; Yassine, M.; Zhu, S.; Zimmer, S. (The American Astronomical Society, 2019-06-10)
    The Large Area Telescope (LAT) aboard the Fermi spacecraft routinely observes high-energy emission from gamma-ray bursts (GRBs). Here we present the second catalog of LAT-detected GRBs, covering the first 10 yr of operations, ...
  • Time profile of fluorescence in organic scintillator out to 10 microseconds 

    Nutter, S.; Anderson, T.; Chen, Y.; Coutu, S.; LaBree, T.; Link, J.T.; Mitchell, J.W.; Mognet, S.I.; Wallace, K.; Yu, M. (2019-07-24)
    A technique to identify energetic cosmic-ray electrons in the face of large nuclei backgrounds is to use a calorimeter followed by a shower tail-catcher boron-doped scintillator on a balloon or satellite instrument. ...
  • Three Red Suns in the Sky: A Transiting, Terrestrial Planet in a Triple M-dwarf System at 6.9 pc 

    Winters, Jennifer G.; Medina, Amber A.; Irwin, Jonathan M.; Charbonneau, David; Astudillo-Defru, Nicola; Horch, Elliott P.; Eastman, Jason D.; Vrijmoet, Eliot Halley; Henry, Todd J.; Diamond-Lowe, Hannah; Winston, Elaine; Barclay, Thomas; Bonfils, Xavier; Ricker, George R.; Vanderspek, Roland; Latham, David W.; Seager, Sara; Winn, Joshua N.; Jenkins, Jon M.; Udry, Stéphane; Twicken, Joseph D.; Teske, Johanna K.; Tenenbaum, Peter; Pepe, Francesco; Murgas, Felipe; Muirhead, Philip S.; Mink, Jessica; Lovis, Christophe; Levine, Alan M.; Lépine, Sébastien; Jao, Wei-Chun; Henze, Christopher E.; Furész, Gábor; Forveille, Thierry; Figueira, Pedro; Esquerdo, Gilbert A.; Dressing, Courtney D.; Díaz, Rodrigo F.; Delfosse, Xavier; Burke, Christopher J.; Bouchy, François; Berlind, Perry; Almenara, Jose-Manuel (The American Astronomical Society, 2019-09-23)
    We present the discovery from Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS) data of LTT 1445Ab. At a distance of 6.9 pc, it is the second nearest transiting exoplanet system found to date, and the closest one known for which ...
  • Silicon Photomultiplier Use in Particle Astrophysics and Heliophysics Missions 

    Link, Jason T.; Akaike, Y.; Binns, W.R.; Bose, R.G.; Brandt, T.J.; Buckley, J.H.; Cannady, S.O.; Nolfo, G.A De; Dowkontt, P.F; Monthier, J.J. Du; Hughes, Z.D.; Liceaga-Indart, I.; Israel, M.H; Krizmanic, J.F; Labrador, A.W.; Mewaldt, R.A; Mitchell, J.G.; Mitchell, J.W; Nutter, S.; Rauch, B.F; Sakai, K.; Sasaki, M.; Stone, E.C; Suarez, G.; Tatoli, T.; Waddington, C.J.; Wiedenbeck, M.E. (2019-07-24)
    Silicon Photomultipliers (SiPM) are increasingly being used in ground-based astrophysics experiments as a replacement for Photomultiplier tubes (PMTs). These compact low power, rugged sensors are also well suited for space ...
  • CALET upper limits on GeV-energy gamma-ray burst emission 

    Cannady, Nicholas (2019-07-24)
    The CALorimetric Electron Telescope (CALET) was deployed on the International Space Station in October 2015 and has accumulated over three years of continuous data to date. The calorimeter (CAL) is sensitive to gamma rays ...
  • Measurements of Heavy Cosmic Ray Nuclei Fluxes with CALET 

    Akaike, Yosui (2019-07-24)
    The CALorimetric Electron Telescope (CALET) has been measuring high-energy cosmic rays on the International Space Station since October 2015. One of the scientific objectives is the precise measurements of the boron-to-carbon ...
  • Next generation x-ray optics for astronomy: high resolution, lightweight, and low cost 

    Zhang, William W.; Allgood, Kim D.; Biskach, Michael P.; Chan, Kai-Wing; Hlinka, Michal; Kearney, John; Mazzarella, James; McClelland, Ryan S.; Numata, Ai; Riveros, Dr. Raul E.; Saha, Dr. Timo T.; Solly, Peter M. (SPIE, 2019-09-09)
    The capability of an X-ray telescope depends on the quality of its mirror, which can be characterized by four quantities: point-spread-function, photon-collecting area, field of view, and energy bandwidth. In this paper, ...
  • Structural analysis and testing of silicon x-ray mirror modules 

    Solly, Peter M.; Biskach, Michael; Bonafede, Joseph A.; Chan, Kai-Wing; Mazzarella, James; McClelland, Ryan S.; Saha, Dr. Timo T.; Zhang, Dr. William W. (SPIE, 2019-09-09)
    The fundamental developmental issue facing the next generation of X-ray astronomical telescopes is the manufacturability, assembly, and structural robustness of the grazing incidence optics. Combining the high angular ...

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