The Center for Space Sciences and Technology (CSST) is the administrative unit for UMBC’s participation in the CRESST consortium. The NASA Goddard Space Flight Center (NASA/GSFC), The University of Maryland College Park (UMCP), Catholic University, Howard University and Southeastern Universities Research Association (SURA) are our partners in the consortium.

The Center for Research and Exploration in Space Science & Technology (CRESST), is a cooperative agreement between the partner institutions. The CRESST consortium currently has over 120 PhD astronomers and astrophysicists working within the Astrophysics Science Division at GSFC.

CSST was formed in 2006 and currently has over 20 UMBC research faculty, several of which are affiliated to the physics department. The research conducted by the members of CSST focuses on (i) Astrophysical Data Reduction, Interpretation & Archiving, (ii) Space Science Technology: Development & Calibration, and (iii) Theoretical Astrophysics: Simulations & Software.

CSST maintains close relations with (and is housed within) the Physics Department at UMBC. Combined, UMBC astrophysics faculty and CSST scientists contribute to the Undergraduate & Graduate activities (including the Undergrad & Grad internships) by teaching & mentoring students.

Recent Submissions

  • Modeling and characterization of the SPIDER half-wave plate 

    Bryan, Sean A.; Ade, Peter A. R.; Amiri, Mandana; Benton, Steve; Helson, Kyle; et al (SPIE, 2010-07-15)
    Spider is a balloon-borne array of six telescopes that will observe the Cosmic Microwave Background. The 2624 antenna-coupled bolometers in the instrument will make a polarization map of the CMB with approximately one-half ...
  • EBEX, THE E AND B EXPERIMENT 

    DIDIER, JOY; ABOOBAKER, ASAD M.; ADE, PETER; AUBIN, FRANQOIS; BACCIGALUPI, CARLO; Helson, Kyle; et al (INSPIRE, 2014)
    The E and B experiment (EBEX) is a balloon-borne telescope designed to measure the polarization of the cosmic microwave background radiation as well as that from Galactic dust. The instrument is equipped with a 1.5 meter ...
  • EBEX: a balloon-borne CMB polarization experiment 

    Reichborn-Kjennerud, Britt; Aboobaker, Asad M.; Ade, Peter; Aubin, François; Helson, Kyle; et al (SPIE, 2010-07-15)
    EBEX is a NASA-funded balloon-borne experiment designed to measure the polarization of the cosmic microwave background (CMB). Observations will be made using 1432 transition edge sensor (TES) bolometric detectors read out ...
  • The performance of the bolometer array and readout system during the 2012/2013 flight of the E and B experiment (EBEX) 

    MacDermid, Kevin; Aboobaker, Asad M.; Ade, Peter; Aubin, François; Helson, Kyle; et al (SPIE, 2014-07-23)
    EBEX is a balloon-borne telescope designed to measure the polarization of the cosmic microwave background radiation. During its eleven day science flight in the Austral Summer of 2012, it operated 955 spider-web transition ...
  • A high-resolution pointing system for fast scanning platforms: The EBEX example 

    Didier, Joy; Chapman, Daniel; Aboobaker, Asad M.; Araujo, Derek; Grainger, Will; Hanany, Shaul; Helson, Kyle; Hillbrand, Seth; Korotkov, Andrei; Limon, Michele; Miller, Amber; Reichborn-Kjennerud, Britt; Sagiv, Ilan; Tucker, Greg; Vinokurov, Yuri (IEEE, 2015-06-08)
    The E and B experiment (EBEX) is a balloon-borne telescope designed to measure the polarization of the cosmic microwave background with 8' resolution employing a gondola scanning with speeds of order degree per second. In ...
  • A cryogenic thermal source for detector array characterization 

    Chuss, David T.; Rostem, Karwan; Wollack, Edward J.; Berman, Leah; Colazo, Felipe; DeGeorge, Martin; Helson, Kyle; Sagliocca, Marco (AIP, 2017-10-16)
    We describe the design, fabrication, and validation of a cryogenically compatible quasioptical thermal source for characterization of detector arrays. The source is constructed using a graphite-loaded epoxy mixture that ...
  • Temperature calibration of the E and B Experiment 

    Aubin, François; Aboobaker, Asad M.; Bao, Chaoyun; Geach, Christopher; Helson, Kyle; et al (World Scientific, 2017)
    The E and B Experiment (EBEX) is a balloon-borne polarimeter designed to measure the polarization of the cosmic microwave background radiation and to characterize the polarization of galactic dust. EBEX was launched December ...
  • Design and characterization of the Cosmology Large Angular Scale Surveyor (CLASS) 93 GHz focal plane 

    Dahal, Sumit; Ali, Aamir; Appel, John W.; Essinger-Hileman, Thomas; Helson, Kyle; et al (SPIE, 2018-07-09)
    The Cosmology Large Angular Scale Surveyor (CLASS) aims to detect and characterize the primordial Bmode signal and make a sample-variance-limited measurement of the optical depth to reionization. CLASS is a ground-based, ...
  • Dielectric properties of conductively loaded polyimides in the far infrared 

    Helson, Kyle; Miller, Kevin H.; Rostem, Karwan; Quijada, Manuel; Wollack, Edward J. (Optica, 2018-10-23)
    The dielectric properties of selected conductively-loaded polyimide samples are characterized in microwave through far infrared wavebands. These materials, belonging to the Vespel® family, are more readily formed by direct ...
  • Time domain astronomy with the THESEUS satellite 

    Mereghetti, S.; Balman, S.; Caballero-Garcia, M.; Santo, M. Del; Mukai, Koji; et al (Springer, 2021-12)
    THESEUS is a medium size space mission of the European Space Agency, currently under evaluation for a possible launch in 2032. Its main objectives are to investigate the early Universe through the observation of gamma-ray ...
  • The Impact of Inclination-dependent Attenuation on Ultraviolet Star Formation Rate Tracers 

    Doore, Keith; Eufrasio, Rafael T.; Lehmer, Bret D.; Monson, Erik B.; Basu-Zych, Antara; Garofali, Kristen (2022-05-24)
    We examine and quantify how hybrid (e.g., UV+IR) star formation rate (SFR) estimators and the AFUV–β relation depend on inclination for disk-dominated galaxies using spectral energy distribution modeling that utilizes the ...
  • “The Goose” Pulsar Wind Nebula of PSR J1016–5857: The Birth of a Plerion 

    Klingler, Noel; Kargaltsev, Oleg; Pavlov, George G.; Ng, C.-Y.; Gong, Zhengyangguang; Hare, Jeremy (2022-04-29)
    We report the results of X-ray (CXO) and radio (ATCA) observations of the pulsar wind nebula (PWN) powered by the young pulsar PSR J1016--5857, which we dub "the Goose" PWN. In both bands the images reveal a tail-like PWN ...
  • First Observation of the MeV Gamma-Ray Universe with Bijective Imaging Spectroscopy Using the Electron-tracking Compton Telescope on Board SMILE-2+ 

    Takada, Atsushi; Takemura, Taito; Yoshikawa, Kei; Mizumura, Yoshitaka; Ikeda, Tomonori; Nakamura, Yuta; Onozaka, Ken; Abe, Mitsuru; Hamaguchi, Kenji; Kubo, Hidetoshi; Kurosawa, Shunsuke; Miuchi, Kentaro; Saito, Kaname; Sawano, Tatsuya; Tanimori, Toru (AAS, 2022-04-28)
    MeV gamma-rays provide a unique window for the direct measurement of line emissions from radioisotopes, but observations have made little significant progress since COMPTEL on board the Compton Gamma-ray Observatory (CGRO). ...
  • Understanding the physical state of hot plasma formed through stellar wind collision in WR140 using high-resolution X-ray spectroscopy 

    Miyamoto, Asca; Sugawara, Yasuharu; Maeda, Yoshitomo; Ishida, Manabu; Hamaguchi, Kenji; Corcoran, Michael; Russell, Christopher M P; Moffat, Anthony F J (Oxford University Press, 2022-05-10)
    We analyse a series of XMM–Newton RGS data of the binary Wolf–Rayet star WR140 that encompasses one entire orbit. We find that the RGS detects X-rays from optically thin thermal plasma only during orbital phases when the ...
  • SEARCH FOR NEW COSMIC-RAY ACCELERATION SITES WITHIN THE 4FGL CATALOG GALACTIC PLANE SOURCES 

    Abdollahi, S.; Acero, F.; Ackermann, M.; Baldini, L.; Mirabal, Nestor; Valverde, J.; et al (2022-05-06)
    Cosmic rays are mostly composed of protons accelerated to relativistic speeds. When those protons encounter interstellar material, they produce neutral pions which in turn decay into gamma rays. This offers a compelling ...
  • Infrared and X-Ray Spectroscopy of the Kes 75 Supernova Remnant Shell: Characterizing the Dust and Gas Properties 

    Temim, Tea; Slane, Patrick; Arendt, Richard; Dwek, Eli (IOP Science, 2011-12-28)
    We present deep Chandra observations and Spitzer Space Telescope infrared (IR) spectroscopy of the shell in the composite supernova remnant (SNR) Kes 75 (G29.7-0.3). The remnant is composed of a central pulsar wind nebula ...
  • New Measurements of the Cosmic Infrared Background Fluctuations in Deep Spitzer/IRAC Survey Data and Their Cosmological Implications 

    Kashlinsky, A.; Arendt, Richard; Ashby, M. L. N.; Fazio, G. G.; Mather, J.; Moseley, S. H. (IOP Science, 2012-06-14)
    We extend previous measurements of cosmic infrared background (CIB) fluctuations to ≲ 1° using new data from the Spitzer Extended Deep Survey. Two fields with depths of ≃ 12 hr pixel−1 over three epochs are analyzed at 3.6 ...
  • Properties and Spatial Distribution of Dust Emission in the Crab Nebula 

    Temim, Tea; Sonneborn, George; Dwek, Eli; Arendt, Richard; Gehrz, Robert D.; Slane, Patrick; Roellig, Thomas L. (IOP Science, 2012-06-14)
    Recent infrared (IR) observations of freshly formed dust in supernova remnants have yielded significantly lower dust masses than predicted by theoretical models and measured from high-redshift observations. The Crab Nebula's ...
  • Cross-correlating Cosmic Infrared and X-Ray Background Fluctuations: Evidence of Significant Black Hole Populations among the CIB Sources 

    Cappelluti, Nico; Kashlinsky, A.; Arendt, Richard; Comastri, A.; Fazio, G. G.; Finoguenov, A.; Hasinger, G.; Mather, J. C.; Miyaji, T.; Moseley, S. H. (IOP Science, 2013-05-06)
    In order to understand the nature of the sources producing the recently uncovered cosmic infrared background (CIB) fluctuations, we study cross-correlations between the fluctuations in the source-subtracted CIB from ...
  • SEDS: The Spitzer Extended Deep Survey. Survey Design, Photometry, and Deep IRAC Source Counts 

    Ashby, M. L. N.; Willner, S. P.; Fazio, G. G.; Huang, J.-S.; Arendt, Richard; et al (IOP Science, 2013-05-06)
    The Spitzer Extended Deep Survey (SEDS) is a very deep infrared survey within five well-known extragalactic science fields: the UKIDSS Ultra-Deep Survey, the Extended Chandra Deep Field South, COSMOS, the Hubble Deep Field ...

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