The Center for Space Sciences and Technology (CSST) is the administrative unit for UMBC’s participation in the CRESST consortium. The NASA Goddard Space Flight Center (NASA/GSFC), The University of Maryland College Park (UMCP), Catholic University, Howard University and Southeastern Universities Research Association (SURA) are our partners in the consortium.

The Center for Research and Exploration in Space Science & Technology (CRESST), is a cooperative agreement between the partner institutions. The CRESST consortium currently has over 120 PhD astronomers and astrophysicists working within the Astrophysics Science Division at GSFC.

CSST was formed in 2006 and currently has over 20 UMBC research faculty, several of which are affiliated to the physics department. The research conducted by the members of CSST focuses on (i) Astrophysical Data Reduction, Interpretation & Archiving, (ii) Space Science Technology: Development & Calibration, and (iii) Theoretical Astrophysics: Simulations & Software.

CSST maintains close relations with (and is housed within) the Physics Department at UMBC. Combined, UMBC astrophysics faculty and CSST scientists contribute to the Undergraduate & Graduate activities (including the Undergrad & Grad internships) by teaching & mentoring students.

Recent Submissions

  • Developing the Physical Understanding of Intermediate Polars: An X-Ray Study of TV Col and V2731 Oph 

    Oliveira, R. Lopes de; Mukai, K. (IOP Publishing, 2019-08-02)
    The X-rays in intermediate polars (IPs) originate in a compact region near the surface of a magnetic white dwarf (WD) and interact with the complex environment surrounding the emission region. Here we report a case study ...
  • A Decade of Gamma-Ray Bursts Observed by Fermi-LAT: The Second GRB Catalog 

    Ajello, M.; Arimoto, M.; Axelsson, M.; Baldini, L.; Barbiellini, G.; Bastieri, D.; Bellazzini, R.; Bhat, P. N.; Bissaldi, E.; Blandford, R. D.; Bonino, R.; Bonnell, J.; Bottacini, E.; Bregeon, J.; Bruel, P.; Buehler, R.; Cameron, R. A.; Caputo, R.; Caraveo, P. A.; Cavazzuti, E.; Chen, S.; Cheung, C. C.; Chiaro, G.; Ciprini, S.; Costantin, D.; Crnogorcevic, M.; Cutini, S.; Dainotti, M.; D’Ammando, F.; Luque, P. de la Torre; Palma, F. de; Desai, A.; Desiante, R.; Lalla, N. Di; Venere, L. Di; Dirirsa, F. Fana; Fegan, S. J.; Franckowiak, A.; Fukazawa, Y.; Funk, S.; Fusco, P.; Gargano, F.; Gasparrini, D.; Giglietto, N.; Giordano, F.; Giroletti, M.; Green, D.; Grenier, I. A.; Grove, J. E.; Guiriec, S.; Hays, E.; Hewitt, J. W.; Horan, D.; Jóhannesson, G.; Kocevski, D.; Kuss, M.; Latronico, L.; Li, J.; Longo, F.; Loparco, F.; Lovellette, M. N.; Lubrano, P.; Maldera, S.; Manfreda, A.; Martí-Devesa, G.; Mazziotta, M. N.; Mereu, I.; Meyer, M.; Michelson, P. F.; Mirabal, N.; Mitthumsiri, W.; Mizuno, T.; Monzani, M. E.; Moretti, E.; Morselli, A.; Moskalenko, I. V.; Negro, M.; Nuss, E.; Ohno, M.; Omodei, N.; Orienti, M.; Orlando, E.; Palatiello, M.; Paliya, V. S.; Paneque, D.; Persic, M.; Pesce-Rollins, M.; Petrosian, V.; Piron, F.; Poolakkil, S.; Poon, H.; Porter, T. A.; Principe, G.; Racusin, J. L.; Rainò, S.; Rando, R.; Razzano, M.; Razzaque, S.; Reimer, A.; Reimer, O.; Reposeur, T.; Ryde, F.; Serini, D.; Sgrò, C.; Siskind, E. J.; Sonbas, E.; Spandre, G.; Spinelli, P.; Suson, D. J.; Tajima, H.; Takahashi, M.; Tak, D.; Thayer, J. B.; Torres, D. F.; Troja, E.; Valverde, J.; Veres, P.; Vianello, G.; Kienlin, A. von; Wood, K.; Yassine, M.; Zhu, S.; Zimmer, S. (The American Astronomical Society, 2019-06-10)
    The Large Area Telescope (LAT) aboard the Fermi spacecraft routinely observes high-energy emission from gamma-ray bursts (GRBs). Here we present the second catalog of LAT-detected GRBs, covering the first 10 yr of operations, ...
  • Time profile of fluorescence in organic scintillator out to 10 microseconds 

    Nutter, S.; Anderson, T.; Chen, Y.; Coutu, S.; LaBree, T.; Link, J.T.; Mitchell, J.W.; Mognet, S.I.; Wallace, K.; Yu, M. (2019-07-24)
    A technique to identify energetic cosmic-ray electrons in the face of large nuclei backgrounds is to use a calorimeter followed by a shower tail-catcher boron-doped scintillator on a balloon or satellite instrument. ...
  • Three Red Suns in the Sky: A Transiting, Terrestrial Planet in a Triple M-dwarf System at 6.9 pc 

    Winters, Jennifer G.; Medina, Amber A.; Irwin, Jonathan M.; Charbonneau, David; Astudillo-Defru, Nicola; Horch, Elliott P.; Eastman, Jason D.; Vrijmoet, Eliot Halley; Henry, Todd J.; Diamond-Lowe, Hannah; Winston, Elaine; Barclay, Thomas; Bonfils, Xavier; Ricker, George R.; Vanderspek, Roland; Latham, David W.; Seager, Sara; Winn, Joshua N.; Jenkins, Jon M.; Udry, Stéphane; Twicken, Joseph D.; Teske, Johanna K.; Tenenbaum, Peter; Pepe, Francesco; Murgas, Felipe; Muirhead, Philip S.; Mink, Jessica; Lovis, Christophe; Levine, Alan M.; Lépine, Sébastien; Jao, Wei-Chun; Henze, Christopher E.; Furész, Gábor; Forveille, Thierry; Figueira, Pedro; Esquerdo, Gilbert A.; Dressing, Courtney D.; Díaz, Rodrigo F.; Delfosse, Xavier; Burke, Christopher J.; Bouchy, François; Berlind, Perry; Almenara, Jose-Manuel (The American Astronomical Society, 2019-09-23)
    We present the discovery from Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS) data of LTT 1445Ab. At a distance of 6.9 pc, it is the second nearest transiting exoplanet system found to date, and the closest one known for which ...
  • Silicon Photomultiplier Use in Particle Astrophysics and Heliophysics Missions 

    Link, Jason T.; Akaike, Y.; Binns, W.R.; Bose, R.G.; Brandt, T.J.; Buckley, J.H.; Cannady, S.O.; Nolfo, G.A De; Dowkontt, P.F; Monthier, J.J. Du; Hughes, Z.D.; Liceaga-Indart, I.; Israel, M.H; Krizmanic, J.F; Labrador, A.W.; Mewaldt, R.A; Mitchell, J.G.; Mitchell, J.W; Nutter, S.; Rauch, B.F; Sakai, K.; Sasaki, M.; Stone, E.C; Suarez, G.; Tatoli, T.; Waddington, C.J.; Wiedenbeck, M.E. (2019-07-24)
    Silicon Photomultipliers (SiPM) are increasingly being used in ground-based astrophysics experiments as a replacement for Photomultiplier tubes (PMTs). These compact low power, rugged sensors are also well suited for space ...
  • CALET upper limits on GeV-energy gamma-ray burst emission 

    Cannady, Nicholas (2019-07-24)
    The CALorimetric Electron Telescope (CALET) was deployed on the International Space Station in October 2015 and has accumulated over three years of continuous data to date. The calorimeter (CAL) is sensitive to gamma rays ...
  • Measurements of Heavy Cosmic Ray Nuclei Fluxes with CALET 

    Akaike, Yosui (2019-07-24)
    The CALorimetric Electron Telescope (CALET) has been measuring high-energy cosmic rays on the International Space Station since October 2015. One of the scientific objectives is the precise measurements of the boron-to-carbon ...
  • Next generation x-ray optics for astronomy: high resolution, lightweight, and low cost 

    Zhang, William W.; Allgood, Kim D.; Biskach, Michael P.; Chan, Kai-Wing; Hlinka, Michal; Kearney, John; Mazzarella, James; McClelland, Ryan S.; Numata, Ai; Riveros, Dr. Raul E.; Saha, Dr. Timo T.; Solly, Peter M. (SPIE, 2019-09-09)
    The capability of an X-ray telescope depends on the quality of its mirror, which can be characterized by four quantities: point-spread-function, photon-collecting area, field of view, and energy bandwidth. In this paper, ...
  • Structural analysis and testing of silicon x-ray mirror modules 

    Solly, Peter M.; Biskach, Michael; Bonafede, Joseph A.; Chan, Kai-Wing; Mazzarella, James; McClelland, Ryan S.; Saha, Dr. Timo T.; Zhang, Dr. William W. (SPIE, 2019-09-09)
    The fundamental developmental issue facing the next generation of X-ray astronomical telescopes is the manufacturability, assembly, and structural robustness of the grazing incidence optics. Combining the high angular ...
  • Recent advances in the alignment of silicon mirrors for high-resolution x-ray optics 

    Chan, Kai-Wing; Mazzarella, James R.; Saha, Timo T; Zhang, William W.; Biskach, Michael P.; Numata, Ai; Riveros, Dr. Raul E.; McClelland, Ryan S.; Solly, Peter M. (SPIE, 2019-09-09)
    Recent advances in the fabrication of segmented silicon mirrors make it possible to build large-area, lightweight, high-resolution x-ray telescopes with arc-second angular resolution. To build such a telescope, we fabricate ...
  • Fabrication of monocrystalline silicon x-ray mirrors 

    Riveros, Raul E.; Biskach, Michael P.; Allgood, Kim D.; Kearney, John D.; Hlinka, Michal; Numata, Ai; Zhang, Dr. William W. (SPIE, 2019-09-09)
    Progress within the field of x-ray astronomy depends on astronomical x-ray observations of ever-increasing quality and speed. Fast and high-resolution x-ray observations over a broad spectral range promise amazing new ...
  • Mass manufacturing of high resolution and lightweight monocrystalline silicon X-ray mirror modules 

    Biskach, Michael P.; Allgood, Kim D.; Chan, Kai-Wing; Hlinka, Michal; Kearney, John D.; Numata, Ai; Mazzarella, James R.; Riveros, Raul E.; Saha, Timo T.; Solly, Peter M.; Zhang, William W. (SPIE, 2019-09-09)
    Astronomical observations of distant and faint X-ray sources will expand our understanding of the evolving universe. These challenging science goals require X-ray optical elements that are manufactured, measured, coated, ...
  • Prototype Magnetic Calorimeter Arrays with Buried Wiring for the Lynx X-Ray Microcalorimeter 

    Devasia, Archana M.; Balvin, Manuel A.; Bandler, Simon R.; Bolkhovsky, Valdimir; Nagler, Peter C.; Ryu, Kevin; Smith, Stephen J.; Stevenson, Thomas R.; Yoon, Wonsik (NASA Technical Reports Server, 2019-07-22)
    Metallic magnetic calorimeter (MMC) technology is a leading contender for detectors for the Lynx X-ray Microcalorimeter, which is an imaging spectrometer consisting of an array of greater than 100,000 pixels. The fabrication ...
  • Gamma-ray emission in radio galaxies under the VLBI scope 

    Angioni, R.; Ros, E.; Kadler, M.; Ojha, R.; Müller, C.; Edwards, P. G.; Burd, P. R.; Carpenter, B.; Dutka, M. S.; Gulyaev, S.; Hase, H.; Horiuchi, S.; Krauß, F.; Lovell, J. E. J.; Natusch, T.; Phillips, C.; Plötz, C.; Quick, J. F. H.; Rösch, F.; Schulz, R.; Stevens, J.; Tzioumis, A. K.; Weston, S.; Wilms, J; Zensus, J. A. (EDP Sciences, 2019-06-19)
    Aims. In the framework of the multi-wavelength and very long baseline interferometry (VLBI) monitoring program TANAMI (Tracking Active Nuclei with Austral Milliarcsecond Interferometry), we study the evolution of the ...
  • Soft and hard X-ray dips in the light curves of γ Cassiopeiae 

    Smith, M. A.; Oliveira, R. Lopes de (Oxford University Press, 2019-07-26)
    The available six archival XMM–Newton observations of the anomalous X-ray emitter γ Cas (B0.5 IVe) have been surveyed for the presence of soft X-ray ‘dips’ in X-ray light curves. In addition to discovering such events ...
  • Detection and reactivity of Titan tholins in liquid hydrocarbons containing polar compounds 

    Dzurilla, Katherine; Mvondo, Delphine Nna; Mège, Daniel; Chevrier, Vincent (EPSC, 2019-09)
    Tholins are complex organic materials produced via photolysis of methane and dinitrogen gases in Titan’s upper atmosphere. These long-chained hydrocarbons sediment to the moon surface and interact with liquid hydrocarbons ...
  • HCN-C₆H₆ co-condensed ice cloud in Titan’s stratosphere: Laboratory study of the CIRS-observed HASP cloud 

    Mvondo, Delphine Nna; Anderson, Carrie M; Samuelson, Robert E (EPSC, 2019-09)
    For thirteen years, the Cassini mission to explore Saturn and its icy moons has provided a large repository of data on Titan’s atmosphere. Ice clouds have been repeatedly observed in Titan's stratosphere by the Cassini ...
  • Development of a Cherenkov Telescope for the Detection of Ultrahigh Energy Neutrinos with EUSO-SPB2 and POEMMA 

    Otte, A. Nepomuk; Gazda, Eliza; Judd, Eleanor; Krizmanic, John F.; Kutzenzov, Evgeny; Matamala, Oscar Romero; Reardon, Patrick J.; Wiencke, Lawrence (2019-07-20)
    The detection of astrophysical neutrinos by IceCube and the potential to constrain source models of ultra-high energy cosmic rays provide the motivation to develop instruments for the observation of neutrinos above 107 ...
  • Detection of Superluminal Motion in the X-Ray Jet of M87 

    Snios, Bradford; Nulsen, Paul. E. J.; Kraft, Ralph P.; Cheung, C. C.; Meyer, Eileen T.; Forman, William R.; Jones, Christine; Murray, Stephen S. (The American Astronomical Society, 2019-06-26)
    Chandra HRC observations are investigated for evidence of proper motion and brightness changes in the X-ray jet of the nearby radio galaxy M87. Using images spanning 5 yr, proper motion is measured in the X-ray knot ...
  • X-Ray Binary Luminosity Function Scaling Relations for Local Galaxies Based on Subgalactic Modeling 

    Lehmer, Bret D.; Eufrasio, Rafael T.; Tzanavaris, Panayiotis; Basu-Zych, Antara; Fragos, Tassos; Prestwich, Andrea; Yukita, Mihoko; Zezas, Andreas; Hornschemeier, Ann E.; Ptak, Andrew (The American Astronomical Society, 2019-06-26)
    We present new Chandra constraints on the X-ray luminosity functions (XLFs) of X-ray binary (XRB) populations, as well as their scaling relations, for a sample of 38 nearby galaxies (D = 3.4–29 Mpc). Our galaxy sample ...

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