The Center for Space Sciences and Technology (CSST) is the administrative unit for UMBC’s participation in the CRESST consortium. The NASA Goddard Space Flight Center (NASA/GSFC), The University of Maryland College Park (UMCP), Catholic University, Howard University and Southeastern Universities Research Association (SURA) are our partners in the consortium.

The Center for Research and Exploration in Space Science & Technology (CRESST), is a cooperative agreement between the partner institutions. The CRESST consortium currently has over 120 PhD astronomers and astrophysicists working within the Astrophysics Science Division at GSFC.

CSST was formed in 2006 and currently has over 20 UMBC research faculty, several of which are affiliated to the physics department. The research conducted by the members of CSST focuses on (i) Astrophysical Data Reduction, Interpretation & Archiving, (ii) Space Science Technology: Development & Calibration, and (iii) Theoretical Astrophysics: Simulations & Software.

CSST maintains close relations with (and is housed within) the Physics Department at UMBC. Combined, UMBC astrophysics faculty and CSST scientists contribute to the Undergraduate & Graduate activities (including the Undergrad & Grad internships) by teaching & mentoring students.

Recent Submissions

  • Gamma-ray emission in radio galaxies under the VLBI scope II. The relationship between gamma-ray emission and parsec-scale jets in radio galaxies 

    Angioni, R.; Ros, E.; Kadler, M.; Ojha, R.; Mueller, C.; Edwards, P.G.; Burd, P.R.; Carpenter, B.; Dutka, M. S.; Gulyaev, S.; Hase, H.; Horiuchi, S.; Krauss, F.; Lovell, J.E.J.; Natusch, T.; Phillips, C.; Ploetz, C.; Quick, J. F. H.; Roesch, F.; Schulz, R.; Stevens, J.; Tzioumis, A. K.; Weston, S.; Wilms, J.; Zensus, J. A. (EDP sciences, 2020-07-20)
    Aims. This is the second paper in our series studying the evolution of parsec-scale radio emission in radio galaxies in the Southern Hemisphere. Following our study of the radio and high-energy properties of γ-ray-emitting ...
  • Dust and gas absorption in the high mass X-ray binary IGR J16318−4848 

    Ballhausen, Ralf; Lorenz, Maximilian; Fürst, Felix; Pottschmidt, Katja; Corrales, Lia; Tomsick, John A.; Kühnel, Matthias Bissinger né; Kretschmar, Peter; Kallman, Timothy R.; Grinberg, Victoria; Hell, Natalie; Psadaraki, Ioanna; Rogantini, Daniele; Wilms, Jörn (EDP sciences, 2020-07-02)
    Context. With an absorption column density on the order of 1024 cm−2, IGR J16318−4848 is one of the most extreme cases of a highly obscured high mass X-ray binary. In addition to the overall continuum absorption, the source ...
  • Extending Science from Lunar Laser Ranging 

    Viswanathan, Vishnu; Mazarico, Erwan; Merkowitz, Stephen; Williams, James G.; Turyshev, Slava G.; Currie, Douglas G.; Ermakov, Anton I.; Rambaux, Nicolas; Fienga, Agnès; Courde, Clément; Chabé, Julien; Torre, Jean-Marie; Bourgoin, Adrien; Schreiber, Ulrich; Eubanks, Thomas M.; Wu, Chensheng; Dequal, Daniele; Agnello, Simone Dell; Biskupek, Liliane; Müller, Jürgen; Kopeikin, Sergei (2020-08-21)
    The Lunar Laser Ranging (LLR) experiment has accumulated 50 years of range data of improving accuracy from ground stations to the laser retroreflector arrays (LRAs) on the lunar surface. The upcoming decade offers several ...
  • A Recipe for Geophysical Exploration of Enceladus 

    Ermakov, Anton I.; Castillo-Rogez, Julie C.; Park, Ryan S.; Sotin, Christophe; Lazio, Joseph; Howell, Samuel M.; Keane, James T.; Hemingway, Douglas J.; Nimmo, Francis; Kite, Edwin; Viswanathan, Vishnu; Steinbrügge, Gregor; Tobie, Gabriel; Lainey, Valery (2020-08-06)
    Orbital geophysical investigations of Enceladus are critical to understand its energy balance. Mapping Enceladus' gravity field, improving the accuracy of the physical libration amplitude, and measuring Enceladus' tidal ...
  • A Kiloparsec-scale Internal Shock Collision in the Jet of a Nearby Radio Galaxy 

    Meyer, Eileen T.; Georganopoulos, Markos; Sparks, William B.; Perlman, Eric; Marel, Roeland P. van der; Anderson, Jay; Sohn, Sangmo Tony; Biretta, John; Norman, Colin; Chiaberge, Marco (Nature Research, 2015-05-27)
    Jets of highly energized plasma with relativistic velocities are associated with black holes ranging in mass from a few times that of the Sun to the billion-solar-mass black holes at the centres of galaxies. A popular but ...
  • X-ray evolution of the nova V959 Mon suggests a delayed ejection and a non-radiative shock 

    Nelson, Thomas; Mukai, Koji; Chomiuk, Laura; Sokoloski, Jennifer L.; Linford, Justin D.; Finzell, Thomas; Mioduszewski, Amy J.; Rupen, Michael P.; Weston, Jennifer; Oliveira, Raimundo Lopes de (2020-07-30)
    X-ray observations of shocked gas in novae can provide a useful probe of the dynamics of the ejecta. Here we report on X-ray observations of the nova V959 Mon, which was also detected in GeV gamma-rays with the Fermi ...
  • Dust masses, compositions, and luminosities in the nuclear disks and the diffuse circumnuclear medium of Arp220 

    Dwek, Eli; Arendt, Richard G. (2020-08-10)
    We present an analysis of the 4-2600 μm spectral energy distributions (SEDs) of the west and east nuclei and the diffuse infrared (IR) region of the merger-driven starburst Arp 220. We examine several possible source ...
  • Solar Wind Turbulence Around Mars: Relation Between The Energy Cascade Rate And The Proton Cyclotron Waves Activity 

    Andrés, Nahuel; Romanelli, Norberto; Hadid, Lina Z.; Sahraoui, Fouad; DiBraccio, Gina; Halekas, Jasper (Arxiv, 2020-07-18)
    The first estimation of the incompressible energy cascade rate at magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) scales is obtained in the plasma upstream of the Martian bow shock, using MAVEN observations and an exact relation derived for MHD ...
  • Search for the Identification of 3EG J1835+5918: Evidence for a New Type of High-Energy Gamma-Ray Source 

    Mirabal, N.; Halpern, J. P.; Eracleous, M.; Becker, R. H. (IOP, 2000-05-10)
    The EGRET source 3EG J1835+5918 is the brightest and most accurately positioned of the as-yet unidentified high-energy γ-ray sources at high Galactic latitude (ℓ,b = 89°,25°). We present a multiwavelength study of the ...
  • GRB 991216 Joins the Jet Set: Discovery and Monitoring of its Optical Afterglow 

    Halpern, J. P.; Uglesich, R.; Mirabal, N.; Kassin, S.; Thorstensen, J.; Keel, W. C.; Diercks, A.; Bloom, J. S.; Harrison, F.; Mattox, J.; Eracleous, M. (IOP, 2000-06-15)
    The optical light curve of the energetic γ-ray burst GRB 991216 is consistent with jetlike behavior in which a power-law decay steepens from t⁻¹·²²⁺⁰·⁰⁴ at early times to t⁻¹·⁵³⁺⁰·⁰⁵ in a gradual transition at around 2 ...
  • A Neutron Star Identification for the High-Energy Gamma-Ray Source 3EG J1835+5918 Detected in the ROSAT All-Sky Survey 

    Mirabal, N.; Halpern, J. P. (IOP, 2001-01-24)
    In the error box of 3EG J1835+5918, the brightest as-yet unidentified EGRET source at intermediate Galactic latitude, we find a weak, ultrasoft X-ray source at energies E < 0.3 keV in the ROSAT All-Sky Survey. Deep optical ...
  • Multicolor Observations of the GRB 000926 Afterglow 

    Price, P. A.; Harrison, F. A.; Galama, T. J.; Reichart, D. E.; Axelrod, T. S.; Berger, E.; Bloom, J. S.; Busche, J.; Cline, T.; Diercks, A.; Djorgovski, S. G.; Frail, D. A.; Gal-Yam, A.; Halpern, J.; Holtzman, J. A.; Hunt, M.; Hurley, K.; Jacoby, B.; Kimble, R.; Kulkarni, S. R.; Mirabal, N.; Morrison, G.; Ofek, E.; Pevunova, O.; Sari, R.; Schmidt, B. P.; Turnshek, D.; Yost, S. (IOP, 2001-02-26)
    We present multicolor light curves of the optical afterglow of gamma-ray burst (GRB) 000926. Beginning ~1.5 days after the burst, the light curves of this GRB steepen measurably. The existence of such achromatic breaks is ...
  • GRB 000418: A Hidden Jet Revealed 

    Berger, E.; Diercks, A.; Frail, D. A.; Kulkarni, S. R.; Bloom, J. S.; Sari, R.; Halpern, J.; Mirabal, N.; Taylor, G. B.; Hurley, K.; Pooley, G.; Becker, K. M.; Wagner, R. M.; Terndrup, D. M.; Statler, T.; Wik, D. R.; Mazets, E.; Cline, T. (IOP, 2001-04-05)
    We report on optical, near-infrared, and centimeter radio observations of GRB 000418 that allow us to follow the evolution of the afterglow from 2 to 200 days after the γ-ray burst (GRB). In modeling these broadband data, ...
  • Multiwavelength Searches of Unidentified EGRET Sources 

    Mirabal, N.; Halpern, J.; Mukherjee, R.; Gotthelf, E.; Camilo, F. (2002-05-28)
    3EG J1835+5918 is the brightest of the so-called unidentified EGRET sources at intermediate galactic latitude (l,b)=(89,25). We obtained complete radio, optical, and X-ray coverage of its error box, discovering a faint ...
  • The Next Geminga: Deep Multiwavelength Observations of a Neutron Star Identified with 3EG J1835+5918 

    Halpern, J. P.; Gotthelf, E. V.; Mirabal, N.; Camilo, F. (IOP, 2002-06-02)
    We describe Chandra, Hubble Space Telescope (HST), and radio observations that reveal a radio-quiet but magnetospherically active neutron star in the error circle of the high-energy γ-ray source 3EG J1835+5918, the brightest ...
  • The 2001 Superoutburst of WZ Sagittae 

    Patterson, Joseph; Masi, Gianluca; Richmond, Michael W.; Martin, Brian; Beshore, Edward; Skillman, David R.; Kemp, Jonathan; Vanmunster, Tonny; Rea, Robert; Allen, William; Davis, Stacey; Davis, Tracy; Henden, Arne A.; Starkey, Donn; Foote, Jerry; Oksanen, Arto; Cook, Lewis M.; Fried, Robert E.; Husar, Dieter; Novák, Rudolf; Campbell, Tut; Robertson, Jeff; Krajci, Thomas; Pavlenko, Elena; Mirabal, Nestor; Niarchos, Panos G.; Brettman, Orville; Walker, Stan (IOP, 2002-06-10)
    We report the results of a worldwide campaign to observe WZ Sagittae during its 2001 superoutburst. After a 23 yr slumber at V = 15.5, the star rose within 2 days to a peak brightness of 8.2, and showed a main eruption ...
  • GRB 021004: A Possible Shell Nebula around a Wolf-Rayet Star Gamma-Ray Burst Progenitor 

    Mirabal, N.; Halpern, J. P.; Chornock, Ryan; Filippenko, Alexei V.; Terndrup, D. M.; Armstrong, E.; Kemp, J.; Thorstensen, J. R.; Tavarez, M.; Espaillat, C. (IOP, 2003-06-06)
    The rapid localization of GRB 021004 by the HETE-2 satellite allowed nearly continuous monitoring of its early optical afterglow decay, as well as high-quality optical spectra that determined a redshift of z3 = 2.328 for ...
  • Can a simple instrument measure polarization in gamma-ray bursts? 

    Curioni, A.; Mirabal, N. (2004-02-25)
    The recent claim of a high degree of linear polarization in the prompt gamma-ray burst (GRB) emission of GRB 021206 might have important implications for the underlying mechanism ultimately responsible for the GRB radiation. ...
  • Discovery of a 136 Millisecond Radio and X-Ray Pulsar in Supernova Remnant G54.1+0.3 

    Camilo, F.; Lorimer, D. R.; Bhat, N. D. R.; Gotthelf, E. V.; Halpern, J. P.; Wang, Q. D.; Lu, F. J.; Mirabal, N. (IOP, 2002-06-26)
    We report the discovery of a pulsar with period P = 136 ms and dispersion measure 308 cm⁻³ pc in a deep observation of the supernova remnant (SNR) G54.1+0.3 with the Arecibo radio telescope. Timing measurements of the new ...
  • Is the EGRET Source 3EG J1621+8203 the Radio Galaxy NGC 6251? 

    Mukherjee, R.; Halpern, J.; Mirabal, N.; Gotthelf, E. V. (IOP, 2002-04-03)
    We discuss the nature of the unidentified EGRET source 3EG J1621+8203. In an effort to identify the gamma-ray source, we have examined X-ray images of the field from ROSAT PSPC, ROSAT HRI, and ASCA GIS. Of the several faint ...

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